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Why is Human Trafficking Relevant to Duquesne University?

The Holy Ghost Fathers, or Spiritans as they are also known, have a long history of combating slavery and forced labor.  In the 1840s, the Spiritans began dedicating themselves to working with freed slaves in Haiti, Mauritius, and Reunion.  By the 1860s, they were buying men and women out of slavery in Zanzibar, which is located in present-day Tanzania in East Africa.  In keeping with this rich Spiritan tradition, we are leading an effort to integrate training on modern slavery, also called human trafficking, into the curriculum for all majors and areas of study at Duquesne University.

Human trafficking is a federal and Pennsylvania state crime.  It involves the exploitation of children and adults through force, fraud, or coercion.  Victims may be US citizens or foreign nationals.  Forms of trafficking identified to date in Pennsylvania include work in farms, restaurants, bars, and nail salons; sexual exploitation of minors and adults in prostitution on the streets, in motels, and in massage parlors; and domestic servitude. 

  • Nursing professors can help students learn to identify human trafficking situations;
  • Business professors can help students learn to plan business practices that ensure slave-free supply chains;
  • Social work professors can teach students to identify and work with homeless persons, especially youth, at risk, or trapped in, human trafficking situations;
  • All professors can facilitate their students' awareness of how their consumption may drive the demand for trafficking goods and services:
    Slavery Footprint and Better World Shopper

If you are interested in learning more about human trafficking or would like to request a class presentation or consultation with the two Duquesne Law students who are leading this effort, please:

  • View the basic presentation in PowerPoint, based on the Southwest Pennsylvania Anti-Trafficking Coalition training presentation
  • E-mail Judy Hale Reed and Lauren Sullivan
  • View a list of resources on human trafficking at the Gumberg and Duquesne Law libraries
  • View a list of general resources on human trafficking
  • Learn about what faculty and students are doing in and out of the classroom to address the problem of human trafficking
  • See a list of online trainings available for different professions from The Polaris Project

Lauren E. Sullivan
Miss Sullivan graduated from Villanova University with a BA in both Spanish and Criminal Justice and a Concentration in Irish Studies.  While pursuing her undergraduate degree, Miss Sullivan volunteered in the education program at State Correctional Institution Graterford.  She also completed a review of the literature of domestic partner violence where the female victim is pregnant as well as her own qualitative study of typologies of convicted child sexual predators.  Currently, Miss Sullivan is pursuing her Juris Doctor at Duquesne University.

Judy Hale Reed, BA, MPA
Ms. Hale Reed has worked to improve women's and children's lives for nearly two decades.  She has focused on combating trafficking in persons and promoting gender equality for the past nine years.  Her efforts have emphasized policy-level work to promote partnerships and cooperation.  She holds a B.A. in Sociology and Women's Studies, an M.P.A., and is currently pursuing her JD at Duquesne University.