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Prof. Gerard Magill

Gerard Magill

Vernon F. Gallagher Chair & Professor in Healthcare Ethics
McAnulty College and Graduate School of Liberal Arts
Center for Healthcare Ethics

Fisher 300, 600 Forbes Avenue
Phone: 412.396.1596
magillg@duq.edu

Education:

Ph.D., Theology, Edinburgh University, Scotland, 1987
S.T.L., Moral Theology, Gregorian University, Rome, Italy, 1976
S.T.B., Theology, Gregorian University, Rome, Italy, 1974
Ph.B., Philosophy, Gregorian University, Rome, Italy, 1971
Bio

Dr. Magill holds the Vernon F. Gallagher Chair for the Integration of Science, Theology, Philosophy, and Law at Duquesne University (appointed in 2007) where he is a tenured Professor in the Center for Healthcare Ethics.

In 1987 he graduated with his Ph.D. degree from Edinburgh University in Scotland. From 1987 he developed his scholarly career at Saint Louis University where in 1996 he was appointed as the Department Chair of the Center for Healthcare Ethics. As Executive Director of that Center from 1999, he held multiple appointments including being a member of the Council of Deans for the University's health sciences campus, a Division Director in the Department of Internal Medicine at the University Hospital, a member of the University's Institutional Review Board, a member of the Hospital Ethics Committee, a Professor in the School of Medicine (secondary appointment), and a Professor in the School of Public Health (secondary appointment).

He has authored, co-authored, or edited 10 books including a co-authored textbook on health care ethics. He has just completed a new co-authored book on Governance Ethics for Boards of Directors in Healthcare. He has published over 60 scholarly and professional articles and he has given over 200 scholarly presentations at conferences. He is a member of 14 Professional Associations. He has extensive experience on Institutional Review Boards, Hospital Ethics Committees and Ethics Consultation Services.

His current bioethics research includes: Governance Ethics and Organizational Ethics in Healthcare; Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation; Human Genomics; Hospital Ethics Committees; Research Ethics, Human Subjects Protection, and Institutional Review Boards; Patient Safety; and Religious Healthcare Ethics.

In 2015, he was appointed by Duquesne University's President to be Chair of the Committee for the annual endowed conference series on the Integrity of Creation. Each conference results in a co-edited book: the 1st conference led to a book on The Urgency of Climate Change (2016), and the 2nd conference led to a book on Integral Ecology: Protecting our Common Home (2018).

 ACADEMIC CAREER. 

2007-continuing:

• Primary Appointment: The Vernon F. Gallagher Chair for the Integration of Science, Theology, Philosophy and Law and tenured Professor of Healthcare Ethics, Center for Healthcare Ethics, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, USA.

2006-07:

• Primary Appointment: Tenured Professor, Center for Health Care Ethics, Saint Louis University.
• Secondary Appointments, continuing from 1996-2006, below.

1996-2006:

• Primary Appointment: Tenured Professor, Department Chair, Center for Health Care Ethics, Saint Louis University.
• As Executive Director (from 1999), a member of the Council of Deans for the University's health sciences campus.
• Secondary Appointments at rank of Professor:
♣ Division Directors, Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Saint Louis University.
♣ Dept. of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Saint Louis University.
♣ Dept. of Health Administration, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University.
♣ Ethics Committee, University Hospital, Saint Louis University.
♣ Institutional Review Committee, Health Sciences, Saint Louis University.
♣ Executive Committee, Center for Business Ethics, School of Business and Administration, Saint Louis University.
1976-1996:
• 1988-1996: Assistant Professor, tenured Associate Professor, Saint Louis University.
• 1987-1988: Lecturer, Loyola University, Chicago.
• 1976-1986: Lecturer, Drygrange College, Melrose, Scotland.

SCHOLARSHIP AND PUBLICATIONS.

Books:

1. Magill, G., L. Prybil, Governance Ethics in Healthcare. Under review, 2017.
2. Magill, G., Jordan Potter, eds., Integral Ecology: Protecting our Common Home. Under contract, forthcoming, 2018.
3. Magill. G., Aramesh, K., eds. The Urgency of Climate Change. Cambridge Scholars, 2017.
4. Magill, G. The Religious Morality of John Henry Newman: Hermeneutics of the Imagination. Springer, 2015.
5. D. F. Kelly, G. Magill, & H. ten Have, Contemporary Catholic Health Care Ethics, 2nd edition. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2013.
6. Magill, G., ed. Genetics and Ethics: An Interdisciplinary Study. Saint Louis University Press, St. Louis, 2004.
7. Randall Rainey, Magill, G., eds. Abortion and Public Policy: An Interdisciplinary Investigation. Omaha, Nebraska: University of Creighton Press, 1996.
8. Magill, G., Marie Hoff, eds. Values and Public Life: An Interdisciplinary Study. Lanham, NJ: University of America Press, 1995.
9. Magill, G., ed. Personality and Belief: Interdisciplinary Essays. Lanham, NJ: University of America Press, 1994.
10. Magill, G., ed. Discourse and Context: An Interdisciplinary Study. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1993.

Scholarly Articles and Book Chapters.

1. Magill, G. "Using the Imagination in Normative Moral Reasoning around the Principle of Double Effect to foster Doctrinal Development in Catholic Bioethics." In, J. Gielen, ed, Moral Normativity, Springer 2018, chapter 6. Forthcoming.
2. Magill, G. "Complicity of Catholic Healthcare Institutions with Immoral Laws." In, Jason T. Eberl, ed., Contemporary Controversies in Catholic Bioethics, Springer 2018, Section VII: Healthcare Law and Policy. Forthcoming.
3. V. Gorantla, G. Magill, J. Benedict, "Bioethical Dilemmas and Challenges in Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation," (under review, 2017).
4. Magill, G, "Introduction," in G. Magill, Jordan Potter, eds., Integral Ecology: Protecting our Common Home, Cambridge Scholars Publishing (forthcoming, 2018).
5. Magill, G, "Pivotal Perspectives on Integral Ecology," in G. Magill, Jordan Potter, eds., Integral Ecology: Protecting our Common Home, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Chapter 1, (forthcoming, 2018).
6. Magill, G, "Ethics and Integral Ecology," in G. Magill, Jordan Potter, eds., Integral Ecology: Protecting our Common Home, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Chapter 10, (forthcoming, 2018).
7. Magill, G. "Introduction." In G. Magill, K. Aramesh,, eds., The Urgency of Climate Change, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017, xi-xiv.
8. Magill, G. "Interdisciplinary Views on Climate Change." In G. Magill, K. Aramesh, eds., The Urgency of Climate Change, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017, Chapter 1, 2-19.
9. Magill, G. "The Urgency of Climate Change." In G. Magill, K. Aramesh, eds., The Urgency of Climate Change, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017, Chapter 27, 450-459.
10. Magill, G. "Laudato Si': A Commentary," Spiritan Horizons 11 (2016): 80-91.
11. Magill, G. "Connecting Morality and Spirituality." Spiritan Horizons 10 (2016): 87-98.
12. Wesley N. Sivak, Vijay Gorantla, Kia M. Washington, G. Magill, "Ethical Considerations in Whole Eye Transplantation." Journal of Clinical Ethics 27 (1): (2016) 64-67.
13. Magill, G. Clinical Ethics: Accreditation. In, H. ten Have & B. Gordijn, eds., Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics (Springer, 2016).
14. Magill, G. Complicity. In, H. ten Have & B. Gordijn, eds., Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics (Springer, 2016).
15. Magill, G. Patient Safety. In, H. ten Have & B. Gordijn, eds., Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics (Springer, 2016).
16. Magill, G. Bioethics in the USA. In Henk A.M.J. ten Have & Bert Gordijn, eds., Handbook of Global Bioethics (Springer, 2014), chapter 89, 1625-1642.
17. Magill, G. Bioethics in Catholicism. In Henk A.M.J. ten Have & Bert Gordijn, Handbook of Global Bioethics (Springer, 2014), chapter 22, 356-373.
18. Magill, G. Quality in Ethics Consultations. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16:4 (2013): 761-774. Peer-reviewed.
19. Magill, G. A Moral Compass for Cooperation with Wrongdoing. In Nicholas F. Cafardi, ed., Voting: Catholic Perspectives on Political Participation. New York: Paulist, 2012, 135-157.
20. Magill, G. Threat of Imminent Death in Pregnancy: A Role for Double Effect Reasoning. Theological Studies 72 (December 2011): 848-878.
21. Magill, G. To Live is to Change: John Henry Newman on Imagination and Certitude. Listening: Journal of Communication Ethics, Religion, and Culture (Spring, 2011): 109-125.
22. Magill, G. & Lawrence Prybil, Board Oversight of Community Benefit: An Ethical Imperative. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21:1 (2011): 25-50.
23. Magill, G. Using Excess IVF Blastocysts For Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Developing Ethical Doctrine, Secular And Religious. Hofstra Law Journal , 37 (2009): 101-135.
24. Magill, G. & William B. Neaves. Direct Nuclear Reprogramming: Response. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19:2 (June 2009): 201-202.
25. Magill, G. & William B. Neaves. Ontological and Ethical Implications of Direct Nuclear Reprogramming. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19:1 (2009): 23-32.
26. Magill, G. Missouri's Referendum and the Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research. The Sci-Tech Lawyer 3:2 (2006): 16-19 (American Bar Association).
27. Devlin, B., G. Magill. The Process of Ethical Decision Making. In, Scott, Wendy E. Current Ethical Thinking in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care. Special issue of the journal, Best Practice & Research Clinical Anaesthesiology. Vol. 20, No. 4 (2006): 493-506.
28. Magill, G. Ethical and Policy Issues Related to Medical Error and Patient Safety. In, S. A. M. McLean, First Do No Harm. Law, Ethics, and Healthcare. London: Ashgate, 2006, 101-116.
29. Magill, G. Embryonic stem cell research and human therapeutic cloning: maintaining the ethical tension between respect and research. In A. Iltis, Research Ethics. Routledge, 2005, 61-85.
30. Magill, G. Preface, In, G. Magill, ed., Genetics and Ethics. Saint Louis University Press, St. Louis, 2004, ix-xiv.
31. Magill, G., Brehany, J. The Development of Ethics Discourse on Genetics. In, G. Magill, ed., Genetics and Ethics. Saint Louis University Press, St. Louis, 2004, 1-22.
32. Magill, G. Genetics, Investment, and Business: Organizational Ethics for Genomics Companies. In, G. Magill, ed., Genetics and Ethics. Saint Louis University Press, St. Louis, 2004, 53-79.
33. Magill, G. Science, Ethics, and Policy: Relating Human Genomics with Embryonic Stem Cell Research and Therapeutic Cloning. In, G. Magill, ed., Genetics and Ethics. Saint Louis University Press, St. Louis, 2004, 253-83.
34. Magill, G. & Lawrence Prybil. Stewardship and Integrity in Health Care: A Role for Organizational Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 50 (2004): 225-238.
35. Miller, D. Douglas, G. Magill. Evolving Internal Medicine Faculty and Resident Comprehension of an Attitudes toward a Departmental Documentation Compliance Program (1999-2002). D. Douglas 114 (2003): 1-7.
36. Magill, G. The Ethics Weave in Human Genomics, Embryonic Stem Cell Research and Therapeutic Cloning: Promoting and Protecting Society's Interests. Albany Law Review (Summer 2002): 701-28.
37. Magill, G. Roman Catholic Church. In, R. Anderson, Religious Traditions and Prenatal Genetic Counseling. Munroe-Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 2002.
38. Magill, G. & Prybil, L. Guidelines for Organizational Ethics. Health Progress (2001): 12-14.
39. Magill, G. Organizational Ethics in Health Care: Honoring Stewardship and the Work Environment. Christian Bioethics 7:1 (2001): 67-93.
40. Magill, G. & Trotter, G. The Role of Solidarity and Subsidiarity for Unions in Healthcare. HEC Forum 13: 2 (2001): 178-195.
41. Magill, G. Ethics Committees and Ethics Consultations for Catholic health Care in the United States. In, J. Glasa, ed., Ethics Committees in Central and Eastern Europe. Council of Europe, Charis-IMEB Fdn, Bratislava, 2000, 141-48.
42. Magill, G. Ethical Perspectives on Life Sciences Research and mapping the Human Genome. Medical Ethics & Bioethics 8:1-2 (2001): 3-5.
43. Magill, G. Transforming Culture. Catholic Health Care in the United States. In, M. Allsopp, ed., Ethics. Scranton University Press, 1999, 175-202.
44. Rainey, R., G. Magill, K. O'Rourke. Abortion. The Catholic Church, and Public Policy. In, G. Magill, R. Rainey, eds., Abortion and Public Policy. Omaha, Nebraska: University of Creighton Press, 1996, 1-46.
45. Magill, G. Love Safeguarding Faith. The Ethical Commitment to Ecumenical Dialogue. In, G. Sloyen, ed., Religions of the Book, ed. Lanham, NJ: University of America Press, 1996, 319-32.
46. Magill, G. Scotland, the Church in. In, The New Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 19 (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America, 1996): 354-57.
47. Magill, G. Hermeneutics and Democracy: Religious Dialogue on Values in the Public Arena. In, G. Magill and M. Hoff, Values and Public Life. Lanham, NJ: University of America Press, 1995, 89-111.
48. Magill, G. Public Conversation on Values. In, G. Magill and M. Hoff, Values and Public Life. Lanham, NJ: University of America Press, 1995, 1-25.
49. Magill, G. A Connected View of Old and New. In, G. Magill, ed. Personality and Belief. Lanham, NJ: University of America Press, 1994,197-99.
50. Magill, G. Newman's Sense of Personal Belief. In, G. Magill, ed. Personality and Belief. Lanham, NJ: University of America Press, 1994, xi-xviii.
51. Magill, G. Planning for Reform. Health Progress (January 1994): 78-84.
52. Magill, G. Public Religious Dialogue. The Economic Pastoral and the Hermeneutics of Democracy. Theological Studies 54 (1993): 678-97.
53. Magill, G. Interpreting Moral Doctrine. Horizons 20 (1993): 7-22.
54. Magill, G. The Living Mind: On Assent and Dissent. In, G. Magill, ed., Discourse and Context. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1993, 144-64.
55. Magill, G. The Intellectual Ethos of John Henry Newman. In, G. Magill, ed., Discourse and Context. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1993, 1-11.
56. Magill, G. Imaginative Discernment. In, M. Allsopp, ed. John Henry Newman. Theology and Reform. New York: Garland, 1992, 241-55.
57. Magill, G. Personal Reasoning. Irish Theological Quarterly 58/4 (1992): 305-13.
58. Magill, G. Moral Imagination in Theological Method. Theological Studies 53 (1992): 451-75.
59. Magill, G. Liberal Education and Moral Pluralism. Scottish Journal of Theology 45 (1992): 45-64.
60. Magill, G. Theology in Business Ethics: Appealing to the Religious Imagination. Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1992): 129-35.
61. Magill, G., Cross, J. Imaginative Learning in Science, and Technology. In, R. Brungs, Science/Technology Education. Saint Louis University Press, 1991, 8-17.
62. Magill, G. The Ecclesial Vocation of the Theologian, Current Issues in Catholic Higher Education 12/1 (1991): 17-23.
63. Magill, G. Newman's View of Catechesis. The Living Light 27 (1991): 103-11.
64. Magill, G. Imaginative Moral Discernment: the Tension bewteen Reason and Religion. The Heythrop Journal 32/4 (1991): 493-510.
65. Many other published professional articles.

Editor Responsibilities.

• Journal Editor. 1999-2006.
Editor of the journal, Health Care Ethics USA.
• Manuscript Review Editor. 2014-continuing.
Editorial Board of Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery (specialty section of Frontiers in Surgery) as Manuscript Review Editor.

Professional Presentations & Posters at Academic Conferences, etc: over 200.

Organization of Major Academic Conferences.

1. G. Magill was lead coordinator for the 1st International Bioethics conference on Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation. The conference was funded by a grant from the Brocher Foundation, Geneva, Switzerland, where the conference occurred in May 9-12, 2017.
2. G. Magill is Chair of the Committee for the annual Presidential Endowed Conference series on the Integrity of Creation at Duquesne University.

National Reports.

1. Magill, G., et al. ASBH Task Force Report on Ethics Consultation Liability, 2005. Prepared by 11 nationally and internationally prominent scholars for the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities (ASBH). 80-page report, ASBH website publication. See: http://www.asbh.org/membership/protected/pdfs/liability
2. Magill, G. The Ethical Principle of Material Cooperation in Health Care. Prepared by G. Magill for a national association, 1995. 50-page report, distributed nationally to health systems.

MEMBERSHIP OF INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARD.

• January 1988, continuing. Member of the Ethics Committee at UPMC Mercy Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA.
• September 2013, continuing. Voting Member of the University of Pittsburgh hSCRO (Human Stem Cell research Oversight) Committee.

Memebership of Professional Associations.

1. American Academy of Religion (AAR).
2. American Association of University Professors (AAUP).
3. American College of Healthcare Executives (ACHE).
4. American Society for Bioethics and Humanities (ASBH).
5. American Society for Law, Medicine, and Ethics (ASLME).
6. Association for Professional and Practical Ethics (APPE).
7. Bioethicists Beyond Borders (BBB).
8. Catholic Health Association (CHA).
9. Catholic Theological Society of America (CTSA).
10. College Theology Society (CTS).
11. European Society for Philosophy of Medicine and Healthcare (ESPMH).
12. International Association for Education in Ethics (IAEE).
13. Institute for Theological Encounter with Science and Technology (ITEST).
14. Society of Christian Ethics (SCE).

 

Courses

SAMPLE DOCTORAL COURSES taught by Professor Gerard Magill, Ph.D.

SYLLABUS: HCE-653, GENETICS & ETHICS.

Course Description. 

This course focuses on the presentation and discussion of the assigned readings and the development of the course research essays. The goal is to provide a systematic overview of major topics in the field to inspire excellence in the student's research and writing.

Research Competencies.

Upon completion of the course students should master the following major competences, as should be demonstrated both in class participation and in the course essay:

-      an understanding of major ethical issues that address recent developments in the science of the human genome integrating pluralistic/philosophical and secular/religious perspectives;

-      the capability of presenting in a succinct manner a complex ethical and scientific debate on selected topics in the field;

-      a capacity for argument formation, literature integration, and critical analysis when writing a research essay in the field.

Required Readings for the Course Research Competencies.

Research Competency #1:

-      Ted Peters, Karen Lebacqz, Gaymon Bennett. Sacred Cells?: Why Christians Should Support Stem Cell Research. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2010.  

-      Cynthia B. Cohen, Renewing the Stuff of Life. Stem Cells, Ethics, and Public Policy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Research Competency #2:

-      Ronald Cole-Turner, ed. Transhumanism and Transcendence: Christian Hope in an Age of Technological Enhancement. Georgetown University Press, 2011. 

-      Allen Buchanan. Beyond Humanity? The Ethics of Biomedical Enhancement. Oxford University Press, 2011 

-      Gregory E. Kaebnick, ed. The Ideal of Nature: Debates about Biotechnology and the Environment. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011.

Research Competency #3:

-      Stephen Wilkinson, Choosing Tomorrow's Children. The Ethics of Selective Reproduction, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2010.

-      Mary Ann Baily, Thomas H, Murray. Ethics  and Newborn Genetic Screening. New Technologies and Challenges. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.

-      Celia Deane-Drummond, Genetics and Christian Ethics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

-      Jonathan Kimmelman. Gene Transfer and the Ethics of First-in-Human Research. Lost in Translation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

-      Mark A. Bedau, Emily C. Parke, eds. The Ethics of Protocells. Moral and Social Implications of Creating Life in the Laboratory. Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Pres, 2009.

-      Martha J. Farah. Ed. Neuroethics. An Introduction with Readings. Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Pres, 2010.

-      Eric Racine. Pragmatic Neuroethics. Improving Treatment and Understanding of the Mind-Brain. Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Pres, 2010.


SYLLABUS: HCE-659, METHODS IN HEALTH CARE ETHICS.

Course Description.

This course provides a foundational introduction to Healthcare Ethics and to other doctoral degree courses in the healthcare ethics curriculum. The course presents an analysis of dominant methods in healthcare ethics from historical, systematic, and religious perspectives. Practical issues are engaged to illustrate methodological issues.

Research Competencies.

Upon completion of the course students should master the following major competences, as should be demonstrated both in class participation and in the course essay.

-      Historical Development of HCE Methods. Understand from an historical perspective how normative methods in HCE have developed.

-      HCE Methods of Justification using Norms, Principles & Theories. Understand from a systematic perspective methods of moral justification in HCE using ethical norms, principles & theories.

-      Religious Methods in HCE. Understand how religious approaches constitute distinct methods in HCE.

Required Readings for the Course Research Competencies.

Research Competency #1.

-      Jeremy Sugarman and Daniel P. Sulmasy, ed. Methods in Medical Ethics. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2010.

-      Albert R. Jonsen, The Birth of Bioethics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

-      Albert R. Jonsen, A Short History of Medical Ethics.New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Research Competency #2.

-      Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 6th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

-      Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, K. Danner Clouser, Bioethics. A Systematic Approach, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford university Press, 2006.

-      Bernard Gert, Common Morality. Deciding What To Do. New York: Oxford university Press, 2007.

Research Competency #3.

-      David F. Kelly, Contemporary Catholic Health Care Ethics. Washington, D.C: Georgetown University Press, 2004.

-      Aaron L. Mackler, Introduction to Jewish and Catholic Bioethics: A Comparative Analysis. Washington, D.C: Georgetown University Press, 2003.

-      Robin Gill, Health Care Ethics and Christian Ethics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.


SYLLABUS: HCE-662, ORGANIZATIONAL ETHICS IN HEALTH CARE.

Course Description. The course examines the role of organizational ethics in health care. Business ethics and corporate ethics (with accompanying topics of risk management, compliance, and quality improvement) are included within the description of organizational ethics. The analysis focuses on the integration of clinical, professional, and organizational ethics in health care to foster culturally competent patient-centered care. The study considers relevant standards in the field, such as the Joint Commission's (JCAHO) accreditation standards for hospitals. The concerns that are discussed vary from theoretical issues, relevant principles, and practical topics.

Research Competencies.

Upon completion of the course students should master the following major competences, as should be demonstrated both in class participation and in the course essay.

-      Foundational Analysis. Understand the meaning of organizational moral agency to interpret the foundational relation that organizational ethics has with clinical & professional ethics in health care.

-      Systematic Analysis. Understand the systematic function of the principle of cooperation when addressing organizational complicity in health care.

-      Applied Analysis. Understand the applied ethical significance of organizational systems for patient safety to resolve the practical problem of medical error in health care.

Required Readings for the Course Research Competencies.

Research Competency #1.

-      Edward M. Spencer, et al, Organization Ethics in Health Care. Oxford University Press, 2000.

-      Steven D. Pearson, James E. Sabin, Ezekiel J. Emanuel, No Margin, No Mission. Health Care Organizations and the Quest for Ethical Excellence. Oxford University Press, 2003.

-      David Shore, The Trust Crisis in Health Care. Oxford University Pres, 2007.

Research Competency #2.

-      Christopher Kutz, Complicity. Ethics and Law for a Collective Age. Cambridge University Press, 2000, 2007.

-      Holly Fernandez Lynch, Conflicts of Conscience in Health Care. An Institutional Compromise. MIT Press, 2008.

-      Mary J. McDonough, Can a Health Care Market be Moral? A Catholic Vision. Georgetown University Press, 2007.

Research Competency #3.

-      Bill Runciman et al, Safety and Ethics in Healthcare, Ashgate 2007.

-      Robert Wachter, Understanding Patient Safety, McGraw HIll, 2007.

-      Charles Vincent, Patient Safety, 2nd ed, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.