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Valarie K. Blake, J.D., M.A.

Visiting Assistant Professor
School of Law
Health Law

Room 228 School of Law
Phone: 412.396.5222


M.A., Medical Ethics, Case Western Reserve University, 2010
J.D., University of Pittsburgh School of Law, 2009
B.S. Neuroscience, University of Pittsburgh, 2005

Visiting Assistant Professor Valarie K. Blake comes to Duquesne School of Law from the American Medical Association, where she served as an ethics senior research associate (2011-2013) drafting the AMA's Code of Medical Ethics, the primary guidance for physician professional self-regulation. At the Cleveland Clinic, she served as an advanced bioethics fellow (2009-2011) providing bedside ethics consultation, research teaching, and service in the areas of law, ethics, and professionalism. She holds a J.D. from the University of Pittsburgh School of Law, an M.A. in medical ethics from Case Western Reserve University, and a B.S. in neuroscience from the University of Pittsburgh.

Professor Blake's scholarly interests focus on the intersections between law and professional responsibility in medicine. While physicians have historically self- regulated through codes, peer review and disciplinary boards, Professor Blake is interested in how increasing state and federal regulation of health care financing and delivery will impact physicians' roles (and responsibilities) to regulate themselves. In the past, she has explored these issues through two different clinical areas: clinical human subjects research (heavily regulated by the federal government) and reproductive technologies, which rely more on professional self-regulation. 

Professor Blake presents The Affordable Care Act: Early Outcomes and Legal Implications, a continuing legal education program in February, 2014. View a video in which she discusses her research. 

  • Professional Responsibility
  • Health Care Law
  • Health Care Organizations and Finance
  • Health Care Fraud and Abuse

Law Reviews

-Valarie K. Blake, Ovaries, and Testicles, and Uteruses, Oh My! Regulating Reproductive Tissue
Transplants, 19 WM. & MARY J. WOMEN & L.353 (2013).
-Valarie K. Blake, It's an ART not a Science: State Mandated Insurance Coverage of Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Legal Implications for Gay and Unmarried Persons, 12 MINN. J. L. SCI. & TECH. 651 (2011).
-Valarie K. Blake, Mass African Migration into Italy, Obligations of the European Union and Italy, 32 HAMLINE J. PUB. L. & POL'Y 135 (2010). (Health disparities and international legal considerations raised by African migration into the European Union - how do current EU laws apply to require burden sharing from non-border states?)
-Valarie K. Blake, The New Frontier in Ethics and Infertility: Reproductive tissue transplant, a case study of the U.S. and the U.K., 3 AMSTERDAM L. FORUM 25 (2011).

Book Chapters

-Valarie Blake & Hannah Kushnick, Ethical Issues in Gestational Surrogacy, in THIRD PARTY REPRODUCTION: A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE (James Goldfarb, ed.) (forthcoming)
-Valarie Blake & Eric Kodish, Human Subject Research Involving Children, in CLINICAL ETHICS IN PEDIATRICS: A CASE-BASED APPROACH, 194 (Diekema et al. eds., 2011).

Peer-Reviewed Publications/Commentaries

-Kavita Shah & Valarie Blake. Uterus Transplantation: Ethical and Regulatory Challenges. J MED ETHICS (forthcoming)
-Kavita Shah & Valarie Blake. The 2013 Review of the Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act: A Call to Action. OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY (forthcoming)
-Valarie Blake & Danielle Hahn Chaet. Commentary: Are you my patient? When is a patient-physician relationship formed on Facebook? 5 PM&R 335 (2013).
-Valarie Blake. Medicine, the Law, and Conceptions of Evidence, 15 VIRTUAL MENTOR 46 (2013).
-Valarie Blake. Affirmative Action and Medical School Admissions, 14 VIRTUAL MENTOR 1003 (2012).
-Valarie Blake. The Constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act: An Update, 14 VIRTUAL MENTOR 873 (2012).
-Valarie Blake. Minors' Refusal of Life Saving Therapies, 14 VIRTUAL MENTOR 792 (2012).
-Valarie Blake, The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act and the Supreme Court's Interpretation, 14 VIRTUAL MENTOR 31 (2012).
-Valarie Blake & Kavita Shah, Reproductive Tissue Transplants Defy Legal and Ethical Categorization,
14 VIRTUAL MENTOR 232 (2012).
-Valarie Blake, Citizenship Requirements for Medicaid Coverage, 14 VIRTUAL MENTOR 324 (2012).
-Valarie Blake, When Is a Patient-Physician Relationship Established?, 14 VIRTUAL MENTOR
403 (2012).
-Valarie Blake et al., Harmonization of Ethics Policies in Pediatric Research, 39 J. L. MED. & ETHICS 70 (2011). (Comparison of pediatric research policies in US, UK, and Japan with respect to informed consent, pediatric assent, benefit and risk sharing)
-Valarie Blake, When Doctor's Pick up the Pen: Patient-Doctor Confidentiality Breaches in
Publishing, 13 VIRTUAL MENTOR 485 (2011).
-Valarie Blake, The Jury is Still Out on Health Courts, 13 VIRTUAL MENTOR 637 (2011).
-Valarie Blake, Home or Hospital: Your Medical Board is Watching, 13 VIRTUAL MENTOR 707
-Valarie Blake, American Medical Association Policy-The Individual Mandate and Individual
Responsibility, 13 VIRTUAL MENTOR 799 (2011).
-Valarie Blake, A Physician's Guide to Social Security Determinations, 13 VIRTUAL MENTOR
885 (2011).

Select Works in Progress

-Conflicts of Interest in Egg Donation (co-author with Michelle McGowan & Aaron Levine) (providing a legal framework for how to regulate COI's in egg donation, including models of Stark, corporate law)


Select Presentations

Re-Souling Health Insurance: Law, Ethics, and Narrow Networks, Allegheny County Bar Association Health Law Section, Fracturing of the Blue H Symbol -The Challenges, Impact and Ethics of the ACA and Other Regulations Affecting the Delivery of Healthcare in Western Pennsylvania (May 9, 2014)

The Affordable Care Act: Early Outcomes and Legal Implications, Duquesne University School of Law, 2014 Spring Sciullo CLE Series (Feb. 2014)

Grassroots Engagements: A New Kind of Representation in Bioethics, American Society of Bioethics and Humanities Conference, Washington DC (Oct. 2012)

To Self-Regulate or Not: Empirical, Normative, and Legal Approaches to Conflicts of Interest in Egg Donation, American Society of Bioethics and Humanities Conference, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Oct. 2011)

Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of State-Level Regulation of Fertility Medicine in the United States, American Society of Bioethics and Humanities Conference, San Diego, California (Oct. 2010)

Pictures of Vultures and Prey: How a Picture Can Say a Thousand Words about International Research, American Society of Bioethics and Humanities Conference, San Diego, California (Oct. 2010)

UNOS for Uteruses: Ethical Distribution in Uterine Transplant, American Society of Bioethics and Humanities Conference, San Diego, California (Oct. 2010) (award: Finalist, March of Dimes Young Scholar in Perinatal Ethics)

UNOS for Uteruses: Distribution of Uteruses for Transplant, Bioethics Research Day, Cleveland Ohio (May 2010)

Homelessness among Female Veterans: Ethical Issues, Cleveland Clinic (May 2010)

Guest Lectures

Research Ethics
DePaul University College of Law, Fall 2011

Foundations in Bioethics, Reproductive Ethics Unit
Case Western Reserve University Masters in Arts in Bioethics, Fall 2010

Introduction to Medical Ethics
Case Western Reserve University College of Arts and Sciences, Fall 2010-11

Abortion and Reproductive Ethics Unit
Lake Erie College, Spring 2011

Clinical Ethics Paradigm
Case Western Reserve Medical School, October 2010

End-of-life Care
Cleveland Veteran's Hospital Nursing Education, October 2010