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04-16-13 CIQR pro-seminar presentation

Center for Interpretive and Qualitative Research
(CIQR -- "seeker" -- push Alt and click: http://www.duq.edu/ciqr/ )

CIQR Pro-seminar Student (and Faculty) Presentations
Date: April 16, 2013, 4:30-6:00pm 207 Berger Gallery

Title: Towards a Thematic and Geographic Understanding of the 1946 Greek Elections
Presenter: Gerard O'Neil, History

The Allied Mission for Observing Greek Elections (AMFOGE) in 1946 was a precedent-setting event-the first large-scale internationally sponsored observation of an election-that is consistently unquestioned by traditionalist historians and overlooked by revisionist historians. Ultimately the U. S. state department produced an official report that declared the elections "free and fair," but this official narrative is subverted by AMFOGE records located in the Duquesne University Archives and the U .S. National Archives in College Park, Maryland. This study develops a narrative of events that identifies and examines the salient themes in a controversial election. In 1946, AMFOGE collected, but never analyzed, 305 open-ended observations in the Salonika District of Northern Greece; 275 of these observations have survived in the papers of District Secretary James F. Clarke.

Title: What is Corruption and When is it O.K.? An Analysis of the Public Perceptions in Two Regions of Armenia.
Presenter: Arpine Porsughyan, Social and Public Policy

It is widely recognized that corruption hinders the development of a country, negatively impacting its political, economic, social, and environmental spheres. Armenia is no exception, with corruption on the top of the list of problems the country is currently facing. Armenia continues to rank poorly on corruption indexes, despite the anti-corruption strategies, international community involvement, and ratification of various conventions.
Existing research on corruption mostly focuses on institutional corruption, while little attention is paid to the perceptions of the Armenian population on corruption. Employing a mixed-method design, the research aims at revealing how Armenians define corruption, in which cases the public justifies corruption, and what are the perceived causes and consequences of corruption.

Title: The Tie That Binds: Race, Discipline & Reproduction in Urban PreK-12 Schooling
Presenter: Jacqueline Roebuck Sakho, Educational Foundations and Leadership (ProDEL)

This paper presentation outlines a design agenda toward a networked improvement community that addresses racialized discipline practices occurring in PreK-12 schools nationally (Losen & Skiba, 2010). The design will (1) critically investigate systemic problems of practices enacted in education settings and (2) deliver generative improvements (Dreher, Everett, & Mathis Hartwig, 2001). The agenda first outlines both the situatedness of the problem of practice and the scholar practitioner bearing witness (Behar, 1996) to racially disparate discipline practices, which informs the process to build the conceptual framework (Maxwell, 2013). Next the agenda outlines critical research methodological precepts essential when implementing a process designed to produce disruptive innovation and a critical ontological shift (Smith, 1999; Christensen, Baumann, Ruggles, & Sadtler, 2006).

Title: The meaning of health among Iraqi women during resettlement in the U.S
Presenter: (Dr.) Khlood Salman, Nursing

Since 2003, the number of Iraqi refugees seeking resettlement in the United States increased dramatically. More than 4.5 million Iraqis have fled and left their homes because of violence in Iraq. According to the Iraqi Red Crescent Society, more than 83% of Iraqi refugees are women and children (2008). There is no standardized definition to the meaning of health concept, few researchers have reported on the meaning of health among immigrants from different countries. This study seeks to explore the meaning of health among Iraqi refugee women during resettlement in the United States. A descriptive and interpretive phenomenological design will be used. Data will be collected using in-depth, tap-recorded interviews. Themes related to the meaning of health will be generated using content analysis of verbatim transcriptions. Findings will be instructive in developing and providing health promotion and disease prevention services for this segment of population.

Title: Exploring resettlement in Pittsburgh, PA: The experience of integration for Bhutanese refugees
Presenter: Andy Smith, Social and Public Policy

This presentation introduces a proposed thesis project involving the concept of integration through the experience of Bhutanese refugees in Pittsburgh and the resettlement professionals who work with them. Although Pittsburgh is home to refugees from a wide range of countries, including Somalia, Burma, and Iraq among others, the Bhutanese population has recently and rapidly expanded to become the largest refugee group in the area. Given the central role attributed to integration in refugee resettlement and the interest that Pittsburgh has in successful Bhutanese adjustment, the proposed study seeks to examine the concept and state of integration for Bhutanese refugees through a qualitative case study approach, focusing on the definition and indicators of integration that give meaning to their resettlement experience.

Title: An Analysis of Institutional Impediments to Effective Decentralization in Azerbaijan: The Problem of Competences and Resources in Local Self-Government
Presenter: Elvin Yusifli, Social and Public Policy

This study provides an in-depth analysis of institutional problems that hinder the development of Azerbaijan's local self-government, exercised by municipalities. Despite certain improvements in the political, administrative, and financial capacity of municipalities during the 13 years after their inception, the overall picture of weak local self-government has not changed much. Over these years, municipalities have remained a marginalized appendage of the central government, and have had a minimal role in the political, economic, and social life of the citizens. This case study explores the role of two institutional factors - the current level of municipal powers and resources in the slow development of Azerbaijan's local self-government.