School of Nursing

5th Floor Fisher Hall
600 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15282
Email: nursing@duq.edu
Phone: 412.396.6550
Fax: 412.396.6346

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Female and Male Genitalia

Female Genitalia

Expected findings:
  • Edematous labia and clitoris
  • Labia majora are larger and surrounding labia minora
  • Vernix between labia
Common variations:
  • Hymenal tag
  • Pseudomenstruation
  • Smegma
  • Increased pigmentation
  • Ecchymosis and edema after breech birth
  • "Red brick" pink-stained urine due to uric acid crystals
Signs of potential distress or deviations from expected findings:
  • Labia fused
  • Fecal discharge from vaginal opening
  • Imperforate hymen
  • Ambiguous genitalia
  • Widely separated labia

Male Genitalia

Expected findings:
  • Urinary meatus at tip of glans penis
  • Palpable testes in scrotum
  • Large, edematous, pendulous scrotum, with rugae
  • Smegma beneath prepuce
  • Stream adequate on voiding
Common variations:
  • Prepuce covering urinary meatus
  • Erections
  • Increased pigmentation
  • Edema and ecchymosis after breech delivery
Signs of potential distress or deviations from expected findings:
  • Non palpable testes
  • Hypospadius
  • Epispadius
  • Scrotum smooth
  • Ambiguous genitalia