Technical Standards for School of Nursing Admission, Retention, and Graduation
Duquesne University is committed to admitting qualified students without regard to race, color, age, national or ethnic origin, disability, sex, marital status, sexual orientation or religion. The mission of the School of Nursing is to prepare nurses, in an environment that values a culture of inclusion and openness, to practice professional nursing to meet the dynamic health care needs of individuals, families, groups and communities through a liberal education focused on the art and science of nursing providing ethical, holistic, culturally competent, and population-based care in a variety of healthcare settings.
In preparation for the professional nursing roles, nursing faculty expect the student to show emotional stability and demonstrate ability to meet the demands of a rigorous nursing program. Nursing program applicants and continuing students in the program must be able to meet the cognitive, affective and psychomotor requirements of the curriculum.
Specific essential abilities or technical standards have been identified by the School of Nursing in accordance with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the 2009 Americans with Disabilities Act Amendment (ADAAA). These technical standards include all of the nonacademic abilities essential for the delivery of safe, effective nursing care. These standards are designed to establish performance expectations that will enable students to deliver safe, effective care during clinical practice activities, with or without reasonable accommodations. Qualified applicants and students are expected to meet all admission criteria, as well as these technical standards with or without reasonable accommodations and to maintain related satisfactory demonstration of these standards for progression through the program. The School of Nursing is committed to enabling students with identified disabilities by reasonable means or accommodations to complete academic and experiential learning required for completion of all degree programs.
Therefore, any applicant or student who seeks accommodation at the time of admission or at any time during progression in the program will be evaluated and receive an assessment of the types of reasonable accommodation needed for the clinical practice component of the program.
The technical standards that have been identified as necessary to meet nursing curriculum technical standards requirements include, but are not necessarily limited to the following:
To provide quality nursing care the student is expected to possess functional use of the senses of vision, touch, hearing, taste and smell so that data received by the senses can be integrated, analyzed and synthesized in a consistent and accurate manner. The student must be able to observe a client accurately at a distance and close at hand. In addition, the individual is expected to possess the ability to perceive pain, pressure, temperature, position, equilibrium and movement. A student must be able to respond promptly to urgent situations that may occur during clinical practice activities.
The student is expected to be able to observe the client holistically to accurately assess any health/illness alterations. These include the ability to make accurate visual and acoustic observations and interpret them in the context of laboratory studies, medication administration, and client care activities. Inherent in this observation process is the functional use of the senses and sufficient motor capability to carry out the necessary assessment activities.
The student is expected to be able to effectively communicate and receive communication, both verbally and non-verbally and to translate this information to others. This requires the ability to see, speak, hear, read, write, and effectively utilize the English language**. A student must be able to elicit information, describe changes in mood, activity and posture, and perceive nonverbal communications as well as communicate effectively and sensitively with clients. Communication includes written and oral communication to clients, families, and members of the health care team.
**English as a Second Language students will follow the University ESL policy.
The student is expected to be able to perform gross and fine motor movements required to provide holistic nursing care including the ability to perform inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation, and other diagnostic maneuvers as well as gross motor skills such as turning, transferring, transporting, and exercising clients. The student is expected to have the psychomotor skills necessary to perform or assist with procedures, treatments, administration of medications, and emergency interventions such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the administration of parenteral medication, the application of pressure to stop bleeding, and the suctioning of obstructed airways. A student must also be able to protect the client in emergency situations such as fire. Such actions require coordination of both gross and fine muscular movements, equilibrium and functional use of the sense of touch, hearing, and vision. The student is expected to be able to maintain consciousness and equilibrium, and have the physical strength and stamina to perform satisfactorily in clinical nursing experiences.
Intellectual - Conceptual Ability
The student is expected to have the ability to develop and refine problem solving skills and demonstrate the ability to establish plans of care and set priorities. This includes the ability to measure, calculate, reason, analyze, and synthesize objective as well as subjective data in a timely manner and make decisions that reflect consistent and thoughtful deliberation of the appropriate data. The student is expected to be able to listen, speak, read, write, reason, and perform mathematical functions at a level which allows the student to process and understand the materials presented in both a written and a verbal format throughout his or her course of study.
The student is expected to demonstrate compassion, integrity, motivation, accountability, effective interpersonal skills, and concern for others. The student is expected to have the emotional stability to fully utilize his/her intellectual abilities, exercise sound judgment, complete assessment and intervention activities, and develop sensitive interpersonal relationships with clients, families, and others responsible for health care. Students are expected to have the ability to establish rapport and maintain sensitive and confidential interpersonal relationships with individuals, families, and groups from diverse social, emotional, cultural, and intellectual backgrounds. The student is expected to have the flexibility to function effectively under stress, including emergency situations; the student is expected to be able to learn to adapt to changing environments, to display flexibility, arrive on time and meet the demands for timely performance of duties, accept and integrate constructive criticism given in classroom and clinical setting and to learn to function in the face of uncertainties inherent in the clinical problems of many clients.
(Adapted with permission from Creighton University School of Nursing Safety and Technical Standards Policy and Procedure, 2008)