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Doctor of Pharmacy Program

Electives & Concentrations

Professional Electives Crs.

Course NumberCourse TitleCredits
PHPR 493 Advanced Acute Care Skills 3cr
PHPR 494 Advanced Acute Care Clinical Skills II 3cr
Advanced Pharmacokinetics 3cr
GPSC 673 Advanced Pharmacology 3cr
Alternative/Complementary Medicine 3cr
PHPR 489 Branding of Clinical Community Practice 3cr
Chemometrics 3cr
PHPR 479 Clinical Preparation for Community Pharmacy Practice 2cr
GPSC 566 Clinical Toxicology 3cr
Critical Care Therapeutics 3cr
PHBM 467 Dental Therapeutics and Pharmaceutical Care 3cr
PHPR 481 Dermatological Therapeutics and Topical Delivery Systems 3cr
Drug Abuse Prevention/Education 2cr
PHPR 461 Drug-Induced Diseases 2cr
PHBM 472 Drugs of Abuse 3cr
PHPR 485 Educational Methods Pharm/Prof 2cr
PHBA 431 Entrepreneurship in Pharmacy 3cr
Errors and Assumptions in Pharmacokinetics/Pharmacodynamics 3cr
PHPR 427 Etiology Assess & Treat of Pain Health Care Pro 3cr
Exploratory Data Analysis 3cr
PHPR 477 Gen Pediatrics Neonatal Pharamcy Therapy 3cr
GPSC 585 Health Care Financial Management 3cr
PHBM 470 Health Care and Religion 2cr
Human Gene Therapy 3cr
PHBM 468 Independent Study and Research 1 - 4cr
International Pharmacy Services 2cr
Introduction to Epidemiology 3cr
PHPR 460 Issues in Women's Health 2cr
PHPR 490 Leadership and Advocacy in Pharmacy 2cr
Manufacturing Pharmacy and Lab 4cr
GPSC 583W Marketing & Customer Service 3cr
Medication Errors: Recovery, Response,and Repair 2cr
PHPR 483 Medication Use: Pregnancy/Lactation 3cr
Optional Experiental Education 4cr
PHPR 464 Palliative Care 2cr
GPSC 591 Patient-Reported Health Outcomes 3cr
PHPR 482 Pediatric Pharmacotherapy: Ambulatory Care 3cr
PHBA 420 Personal Financial Planning 2cr
Pharmaceutical Formulation and Development and Lab 4cr
GPSC 590 Pharmacoeconomic Evaluations 3cr
Pharmacy and Health Systems Informatics 3cr
PHPR 466W Pharmacy in Long Term Care 3cr
PHPR 486 Quant/Qual Research Methods 1cr
Regulatory Aspects of Industrial Practice 2cr
GPSC 589W Research Methods Pharmacy Admin 3cr
Selected Topics in Drug Development 2cr
PHPR 484 Selected Topics in Self Care 2cr
PHPR 478 Seminar in Current Practice Guidelines in Ambulatory Care 2cr
GPSC 588W Social Behavioral Aspects of Pharmacy 2 - 3cr
PHBA 433 Special Topics in Entrepreneurship 3cr
Spectral Methods 3cr
PHPR 488 Technology Pharmacy Practitioner 2cr
PHBA 422 Work, Family, & Pharmacy Careers 2cr

* Courses in Bold are only available to students in the concentration

Elective Concentrations

Elective concentrations are designed to give student pharmacists an opportunity to develop in areas of concentration. These faculty-approved concentrations require a minimum of 9 contact hours of coursework and other required activates. A certificate of completion is presented to students at graduation.

Academic Concentration:

7 credits required

The academic concentration provides student pharmacists with an aptitude or interest in teaching and/or scholarship the opportunity to learn and develop the abilities that are a foundation for a career in academia. Students will be required to prepare an ACPE-accredited continuing education program, participate in a research project, and complete an academic experiential rotation to successfully complete the concentration.

Course NumberDescriptionCredits
PHPR 486 Survey of Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods 1cr
PHPR 485 Education Methods for Pharmacy Profession 2cr
PHPR 458 Technology for Pharmacy Practitioner 2cr
PHBM 468 Independent Study: Development/Delivery of ACPE-accredited CE program and Poster Presentation 2cr
One elective Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) with emphasis on education or research 4cr

Acute Care Concentration:

6 credits required

The Acute Care Concentration provides student pharmacists with education and training directed toward careers in Institutional Pharmacy Practice and preparation for ASHP Residencies. In didactic courses students study advanced clinical and hospital practice topics. In experiential rotations students are required to complete additional experiential rotations in Advanced Clinical Practice and are encouraged to develop a research project in conjunction with a practitioner, culminating in a poster presentation at a local or national meeting.

Course NumberDescriptionCredits
PHPR 493 01 Advanced Acute Care Clinical Skills I 3cr
PHPR 494 01 Advanced Acute Care Clinical Skills II 3cr
Two elective Advanced rotations in Acute Care/Research 8cr

Entrepreneurial Pharmacy Concentration:

6 credits required

This concentration is designed to allow the student to begin to understand how they can take their pharmacy knowledge and apply it to developing their own unique business which can be anything from owning their own traditional independent pharmacy or staring a new clinical pharmacy business service that has never existed before in the pharmacy industry. These courses will also allow the student to self reflect in order to understand themselves, how best to work with others and what are their strengths and weakness in becoming an entrepreneur.

Course NumberDescriptionCredits
PHBA 431 Entrepreneurship in Pharmacy 3cr
PHBA 433 Selected Topics in Entrepreneurship 3cr

Geriatric Pharmacotherapy Concentration:

6 credits required

The geriatric concentration provides student pharmacists with additional education and training in the provision of pharmaceutical care to geriatric patients and encourage students to pursue careers in long-term care pharmacy, residencies in geriatrics and other areas within geriatric practice. The concentration culminates with a comprehensive exam similar in structure and content to the Geriatric Certification Exam.

Course NumberDescriptionCredits
PHPR 465 Selected Topics in Geriatrics - Required 3cr
PHPR 466 Pharmacy in Long Term Care - Required 3cr
Two elective Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) in Geriatrics 8cr

Pediatric Pharmacotherapy Concentration:

9 credits required 

The pediatric concentration provides student pharmacists with additional education and training in the provision of pharmaceutical care to pediatric patients.

Course NumberDescriptionCredits
PHPR 477 General Pediatrics and Neonatology Pharmacotherapy 3cr
PHPR 482 Pediatric Pharmacotherapy: Ambulatory Care 3cr
PHPR 483 Medication Use in Pregnancy and Lactation 3cr
One elective Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) in Pediatrics 4cr

Pharmaceutical Research Concentration:

9 credits required

The research concentration provides student pharmacists an opportunity to conduct original, mentored research in either the pharmaceutical sciences (pharmacology, medicinal chemistry or pharmaceutics) or pharmaceutical administration. By additionally presenting research findings at a regional or national conference, the student can qualify for the B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences. The concentration provides exposure to the research world, and the credentials for graduate study if desired.

Course NumberDescriptionCredits
PHBM 468 Independent Study and Research 4cr
Seminar 2cr
Elective Courses (Approved by research mentor) 3cr
Pharmaceutical Administration
PHPR 468 Independent Study and Research 2cr
Seminar 1cr
Elective Courses (Approved by research mentor) 6cr

Pharmacy Management Concentration:

9 credits required

The management concentration provides student pharmacists the opportunity to take a highly specialized sequence of courses in the administrative sciences to fulfill their elective requirements. All courses are taught at the graduate level and involve students in debates, case study analysis and presentation, review and analysis of peer-reviewed literature, and real-world projects. Students may apply credits from this specialty concentration toward the M.S. in Pharmacy Administration degree.

Course NumberDescriptionCredits
GPSC 583 Marketing and Customer Service - Required 3cr
GPSC 585 Health Care Financial Management - Required 3cr
GPSC 589 Pharmacoeconomic Evaluations - Required 3cr
GPSC 586 Managed Care Principles and Policies 2cr
GPSC 589 Research Methods in Pharmacy Administration 3cr
GPSC 591 Patient-Reported Health Outcomes 3cr
GPSC 588 Social & Behavioral Aspects of Pharmacy 3cr
GPSC 584 Health Care Economics 3cr

Community Practice Concentration:

7 credits required

Community pharmacists are described as the most accessible, and one of the most trusted, healthcare professionals. Due to the vast number of prescriptions dispensed in community pharmacy, and the plethora of chain and independent pharmacies nationwide, community pharmacy employs the highest number of working pharmacists in the United States. Approximately over 70% of Duquesne pharmacy graduates each year enter into this rewarding field. As the number of pharmacy schools across the country increase, thus increasing the supply of licensed pharmacists, it is essential for job placement and security that pharmacists are well-versed in the provision of additional pharmacy services that enhance patient care outcomes, promote wellness, enhance accessibility to and affordability of medications. While this issue is addressed in the core curriculum of Collaborative Practice Agreements, we feel it is essential that our student pharmacists have the opportunity to engage in more individualized, advanced practices of a clinical community pharmacist and to have the certificate of a concentration such as this to increase their marketability to future employers. The concentration in advanced community practice enhances the new curriculum and is not duplicative.

Course NumberDescriptionCredits
PHPR 479 Clinical Prep for Community Pharmacy Practice 2cr
PHPR 478 Seminar on Current Practice Guidelines in Ambulatory Care 2cr
PHPR 489 Branding Community Practice 3cr
APhA Medication Therapy Management Certificate Course
Experiential Rotation Requirements in Select Settings