A A Email Print Share

Terms to Know

The following is a list of terms are frequently used on the Office of Student Conduct website and during the conduct process:

  • Advisor - helps the respondent or complainant by providing moral support and advice on how to behave during the hearing. Advisors must be a member of the Duquesne community and are not allowed to speak, but may give advice in a way that does not disturb the proceedings.
  • Appeal - a method by which a respondent may challenge the decision(s) and/or the sanctions of an Administrator or board based on three criteria:
    • To determine whether the original hearing was conducted fairly in light of the charges and evidence presented, and in conformity with prescribed procedures giving the accused student (and complainant, if the victim of a violation involving sexual violence and/or sexual harassment) a reasonable opportunity to prepare and to present his/her information.
    • To determine whether the sanction(s) imposed was appropriate to the violation.
    • To consider new evidence, sufficient to alter a decision, or other relevant facts not available at the original hearing because it was not known to the person appealing at the time of the original hearing. An Appellate Body shall determine the propriety and admissibility of any new evidence.
  • Code of Student Conduct - a document in which the rules governing behavioral expectations of students are listed. 
  • Complainant - the person(s) responsible for filing the initial complaint.
  • Deliberation - occurs when the Board or hearing officers looks at all the information, applies the standard of proof to that information, and makes a determination about the relationship of the respondent's behavior to the rules. Deliberations are private.
  • Due Process - A guarantee that all proceedings will be fair, that one will be given notice of the proceedings, and an opportunity to be heard. At Duquesne, this includes the opportunity for a disciplinary hearing before the university is able to suspend or expel a student, a reasonable amount of time to prepare for hearing, an opportunity to confront witnesses, being allowed to review the record of proceedings for appeal purposes, and the right to appeal.
  • Evidence - any information brought to the hearing, whether furnished by witnesses or derived from documents or from any other source. 
  • Hearing - a structured meeting designed to elicit the most information possible while providing the respondent with the opportunity to challenge the statements of the accusers.
  • Preponderance of the Evidence - based upon the information, it is "more likely than not" that X occurred. 
  • Respondent - the accused student who is responding to the complaint and charges.
  • Sanction - A sanction is an outcome of a hearing recommended by the conduct officer or board to the Director of Student Conduct with the goal of addressing the respondent's behavior. 
  • University Conduct Board - a group of one student, two faculty or administrative staff, that hear cases of alleged policy violations by students. The board is chaired by the Director of Student Conduct, who is a non-voting member.
  • Victim - a person who has been affected by the behavior of the respondent.
  • Witness - provides information to the Board or hearing officer.