Led into independence from the United Kingdom by founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya became its own country in 1963. For the next 20 years, Kenya's only political party was the Kenya African Nation Union (KANU). In 2002, the multi-ethnic, united opposition group, National Rainbow Coalition (NARC) candidate, Mwai Kibaki, defeated the KABU candidate in the election. However, NARC splintered in 2005, leading government defectors to form a new party, the Orange Democratic Movement.
In December 2007, corruption and vote rigging caused the Orange Democratic Movement to fall apart and unleashed two month of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died.
Agriculture is a major business in Kenya: tea, coffee, corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruit, vegetables, dairy products, beef, pork, poultry, eggs. Other industries include small-scale consumer goods, oil refining and tourism.
- A large majority of Kenyans are Christian, and the country has two official languages- English and Kiswahili.
- It is estimated that 1.5 million people are living with HIV/AIDS in Kenya; also, about 80,000 people die a year from the infectious disease. Malnutrition is also a major health risk in Kenya.
- A 2003 estimate shows that 85 percent of Kenyans are literate, and most attend school until age 11.
- After Sudan's civil war broke out in February 2005, Kenya served as an important mediator. Kenya also provides shelter to almost a quarter of a million refugees including Ugandans who flee across the border periodically for protection from Lord's Resistance Army rebels.
Duquesne's theology department grants degrees through the Tangaza College, a theology school in Nairobi, Kenya.