Accepting graduate students in the fall of 2019
Bioremediation of Abandoned Coal Mines
Microbes are capable of a vast array of metabolic reactions, allowing them to grow on many different carbon and energy sources. These characteristics can be exploited by enlisting microbes to help in detoxifying contaminated abandoned industrial sites. Western Pennsylvania has an abundance of abandoned coalmines from subsurface bituminous coal field mining that has taken place over the last 250 years. Contaminated water leaches from many of the abandoned mines and finds its way into the local watersheds, leading to contamination of the watershed. One approach to preventing contamination is to route the mine effluent through a series of settling ponds before it is rerouted into the watershed. This approach was engineered at Wingfield Pines in Allegheny County, PA in 2009 (http://www.alleghenylandtrust.org/properties/wingfield/overview/). Because the settling ponds are exposed to the environment, microbes, plants and animals quickly colonized them.
My lab is using the settling ponds at Wingfield Pines to study the quantity, types and metabolic capabilities of the microbes in each of the remediation ponds. It is known that microbes can both remediate toxic compounds and produce toxic compounds, depending upon which types are present. We have initiated a seasonal study of the individual settling ponds to measure water contamination levels and microbial communities (using NextGen sequencing). We will be examining the metatranscriptomics of the ponds to determine the metabolic capabilities of the bacterial communities that are present.
My lab is also using classical microbiology techniques to culture and study individual bacterial isolates from each pond, including sulfate oxidizing or reducing bacteria, slow growing bacteria and those with unique morphologies on solid surfaces. We are testing several designs of biochips to grow individual bacteria, as well as, bacterial communities in situ at Wingfield Pines.
I am using Wingfield Pines to bring novel research into an undergraduate lab course as part of the National Science Foundation funded Application-Based Service Learning STEM pedagogy that I have been developing. ABSL-based projects are being taught at six institutions across the northeast US, by 10 different faculty members.
ABSL uses a collaborative and integrated approach to teach scientific research skills to undergraduates in a course setting. Beginning with a community-based problem, students carry out service-learning to understand the problem and its impact on the community. The students apply the scientific method to study a research question posed by the community problem to better understand the problem or to help solve it. During the course of the novel research, students are taught technical writing, laboratory, problem-solving and critical-thinking skills. ABSL was chosen as a Science Education for New Civic Engagement and Responsibilities (SENCER) model course for 2010 (www.sencer.net/Resources/models.cfm) and a featured project of the Critical Thinking Assessment Test (http://www.tntech.edu/cat/links-to-successful-projects/) in 2011 for our students' exceptional gains in critical thinking from a single course.
See our website for further information on our projects.
National Science Foundation, Transforming Undergraduate Education in the Sciences, Phase II "Expanding and Refining the Application-Based Service Learning Pedagogy" Dr. Trun is the PI on this grant.
National Science Foundation, RCN-UBE - GCAT-SEEK: The genome consortium for active undergraduate research and teaching using next-generation sequencing. Dr. Trun is a co-PI on this grant.
Czapski, T. and Trun, N. Expression of csp genes in E. coli K-12 in defined rich and defines minimal media during normal growth, and after cold shock. Gene 547:91-97. 2014
Dostilio, L., Conti, N., Kronk, R., Weideman, Y., Woodley, S., Trun, N. Civic Learning Through Community-Engaged Scholarship: Coherence Among Diverse Disciplines. J. Public Scholarship Higher Ed. 2013.
BIOL373W Microbiology Superlab (using ABSL and novel research)
BIOL319 General Microbiology (using a flipped classroom approach)
BIOL398/399 Undergraduate Research
Advanced Topics in Bioremediation
- Recipient of the 2016 Spirit of Learning Award by the Duquesne University chapter of the national honor society, Phi Kappa Phi.
- Received a personalized set of "trading cards" in honor of my induction into the Duquesne University Office of Research Hall of Fame (2013) (http://www.duq.edu/research/research-hall-of-fame/hall-of-fame-2013).
- Recipient of the Duquesne University Presidential Award for Teaching in 2012.
- Our teaching pedagogy, ABSL was chosen as a Science Education for New Civic Engagement and Responsibilities (SENCER) model course for 2010 (www.sencer.net/Resources/models.cfm) and a featured project of the Critical Thinking Assessment Test (http://www.tntech.edu/cat/links-to-successful-projects/) in 2011 for our students' exceptional gains in critical thinking from an ABSL course. Visit the ABSL News website.