Research Methods: This course provides an overview of foundations of research design and the uses and interpretation of results. Content includes: reviewing the literature; developing research problems/questions; hypothesis testing; experimental, quasi-experimental and other research designs; and evaluating research studies.

Research Methods & Design: This course provides an introduction to qualitative and quantitative approaches to research design and methodology. Through the use of specific research cases, students will analyze the practical problems faced by a researcher and the solution he or she selected. Students will also learn to evaluate the researcher's solutions and consider alternatives.

Statistics I: This course is an introduction to descriptive and inferential statistics. Topics addressed in this course include: basic statistical and research concepts, graphical displays of data, measures of central tendency and variability, standardized scores, normal distribution, probability, hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, sampling distributions, correlation, simple linear regression, and t-tests.

Statistics II: The major topics focused upon are analysis of variance and multiple regression. Specific areas include: one-way ANOVA, factorial ANOVA, post-hoc analysis, model assumptions, repeated measures analysis, analysis of covariance, and regression procedures. In addition, the evaluation of model assumptions and power analysis will also be discussed.

Statistics III: Major topics focused upon are preliminary data screening, multivariate analysis of variance and covariance, multiple regression, factor analysis, discriminant function analysis, and logistic regression.

Qualitative Research: Study of philosophical and methodological foundations of qualitative inquiry combined with practical experience of working on a project. Content includes: theoretical principles and models; data collection and interpretation; and examining qualitative research studies.

Clinical Outcomes and Evidence Based Practice Research: This course will analyze the theories and methods behind developing, conducting, and interpreting research related to clinical outcomes and evidence-based practice. Current literature will be appraised and areas of future research will be outlined and explored. Potential projects will be developed and systematically critiqued.

Theories of Teaching and Learning: This course provides the student opportunities to analyze assumptions about knowing, teaching, and learning; to study theories of human learning and their relationships to motivation, development, and teaching; and to reflect on and project your own teaching and learning practice based on theoretically sound principles.

Technology and Education: This course provides the student an overview of technology in the classroom. The course is based on an examination of the pedagogy of teaching digitally and how technology serves as another teaching strategy for the classroom. Use of computers, networks, video, and distance learning tools will be discussed. The impact of school-related legislation will include copyright laws, censorship, standards, and school board interaction. A review of the various leadership roles available in the field of instructional technology will be conducted.

Psychology of Learning: Several theoretical mechanisms of learning and cognitive processing are examined. The goal of the course is to establish the practical utility of the major learning theories.

Bioinstrumentation: This course provides the student with the knowledge and skills necessary to become proficient with several pieces of instrumentation commonly employed in biomechanics laboratories for orthopedic research.

Grant Writing: This course provides the student an opportunity to gain an introductory experience with the process of grantmanship. The experience includes but is not limited to developing a long term research agenda, meeting with and identifying the role of the ‘Office of Sponsored Research’ at Duquesne University, identifying appropriate funding sources and the writing & submission of a grant proposal.

Directed Research: This laboratory-based course gives the student an opportunity to gain experience in conducting a faculty-driven and directed-research project. Additionally, the course serves as a means by which the student gains in-depth ‘first-hand’ experience with investigative techniques that are used in biomechanical and orthopedic research.

Supervised Research: This laboratory-based course gives the student an opportunity to gain experience in conducting a student-driven research project which is supervised by a faculty member. This course will expose and involve the student in all aspects of the research process with a small scale (faculty-approved) project.

Scientific Writing: This course gives the student experience in the process of scientific writing and the tasks associated with and related to this skill. Ultimately, it is the intent of this course to create a manuscript that could be submitted for publication in a scholarly journal. To facilitate this goal, the student will be required to assist the instructor with the writing related to an ongoing research project.

Physical Modalities: This course provides the student with content on advanced topics in the physical modalities that are used to treat patients in clinical practice. The indications, contraindications and evidence to support the use of the modalities is also presented and discussed during class meetings. This course provides the student with opportunities to make sound and justifiable clinical decisions based on a patient’s medical history in the selection or discontinuation of specific modalities. Course activities and assignments develop clinical reasoning skills that rationalize and justify modalities as part of a comprehensive treatment program.

Integrative Biomechanics of the Lower Extremity: This course requires the student to integrate the anatomy, biomechanics, and pathology of the hip, knee, foot and ankle and develop a comprehensive understanding of the structures and functions of the lower extremity. The student will examine how these segments interact with one another to influence the function of the entire lower extremity and ultimately influence the examination, evaluation and therapeutic interventions of lower limb pathologies.

Cadaver Anatomy I & II: These courses examine the anatomical details of a specific joint or region of the human body. The joint or region studied in these courses is determined by the student, his or her designed program, Faculty Advisor, Program Committee, and the course instructor. The student participates in human cadaver dissection of the specific joint or region of interest. The dissection approach is determined by the goals of the student and agreed on by the course instructor. In addition to cadaver dissection the student is expected to review and discuss current literature pertinent to his or her dissection.

Prevention of Musculoskeletal Injuries: This course requires the student to explore the epidemiology and etiology of injuries to the major joints of the human body as well as the effectiveness of intervention programs aimed at preventing these injuries. The student also is required to complete assignments which detail his/her perception of how injuries occur to the major joints. This perception is based on objective findings and an evidence-based rationale.

Musculoskeletal Biomechanics: This course requires the student to examine the responses of musculoskeletal tissues (bone, skeletal muscle, tendon, ligaments, cartilage) to stress and injury. Additionally, the student will investigate the repair process for these tissues and the factors that influence this process.

Orthopedic and Biomechanics I: This course requires the student to explore the biomechanics of normal and abnormal human motion. Through examination of the spine, upper extremity and lower extremity the student explores various mechanisms of joint stability (static & dynamic), mobility and how these elements become integrated into human function. The student will apply these biomechanical concepts to physical assessment, surgical procedures, and current best practice interventions.

Orthopedics and Biomechanics II: These courses require the student to delve into the biomechanics, physical assessment, imaging and rehabilitation of specific body segments. Updates in surgical procedures and post-operative rehabilitation will also be explored. While these courses primarily have a clinical theme, the underlying intent of this content is to provide substance by which the student becomes familiar with the reliability/validity and the sensitivity/specificity of the techniques used to arrive at a diagnosis. The courses will also investigate the available scientific research related to the effectiveness of conservative and surgical interventions for common orthopedic conditions. A main outcome of these courses is to identify a list of unanswered research questions that may assist the student in identifying potential research questions.

Orthopedics and Biomechanics II: Shoulder 3 credits
Orthopedics and Biomechanics II: Elbow 3 credits
Orthopedics and Biomechanics II: Wrist & Hand 3 credits
Orthopedics and Biomechanics II: Hip 3 credits
Orthopedics and Biomechanics II: Knee 3 credits
Orthopedics and Biomechanics II: Ankle & Foot 3 credits

Teaching Practicum: The teaching practicum requires the student to integrate and apply educational knowledge and theory in a classroom setting. The student will use appropriate educational methodology for the course content. The student will incorporate evaluation tools that complement the learning material. The student will design course content and demonstrate sound teaching skills. The student will be required to integrate instructional technology, and exhibit strong interpersonal skills and appropriate use of constructive criticism. The course will be team-taught by a content expert in orthopedics and clinical biomechanics and a content expert in education.