McAnulty College and Graduate School of Liberal Arts
Education:Ph.D, Philosophy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, 1986
M.A., Psychology, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, 1977
M.A., Philosophy, Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind., 1969
B.A., Philosophy, Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind., 1966
Fred Evans received his PhD degree in Philosophy from Stony Brook University after having earned an MA in Psychology from the University of Regina and completed a year of PhD work in that field at Duquesne. His philosophy dissertation was directed by Professor Edward S. Casey. Evans is currently Professor of Philosophy and Coordinator for the Center of Interpretive and Qualitative Research (CIQR) at Duquesne University. He is the author of Public Art and the Fragility of Democracy: An Essay in Political Aesthetics (New York: Columbia University Press, 2019), The Multivoiced Body: Society and Communication in the Age of Diversity (New York: Columbia University Press, 2009; 2011), Psychology and Nihilism: A Genealogical Critique of the Computational Model of Mind (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993), and co-editor (with Leonard Lawlor) of Chiasms: Merleau-Ponty's Notion of Flesh (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2000). Evans has published numerous articles and book chapters on figures and issues in continental philosophy, psychology, social and political thought, political aesthetics, and technology. He is currently working on a book addressing the political ethics of contemporary cosmopolitanism. He also worked for five years at the Lao National Orthopedic Center and other positions in Laos, under the auspices of the non-profit NGO, International Voluntary Services, Inc., and taught philosophy for a year at La Universidad del Rosario in Bogotá, Colombia.
For a full academic biography of Dr. Fred Evans, please click here.
Public Art and the Fragility of Democracy: An Essay in Political Aesthetics. New York: Columbia University Press, forthcoming, fall, 2018.
The Multivoiced Body: Society and Communication in the Age of Diversity. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008; paperback edition, 2011.
- 1) Dan Smith (Purdue University), "A Multi-Voiced Book," Research in Phenomenology Vol. 41 (2011), 119-133.
- 2) Noëlle McAfee (Emory University), Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 2011.07.10.
- 3) Tony Smith (Iowa State University), Philosophy and Social Criticism, 39 (6), 2013, 597-601.
- 4) Andreea J. Pitts (University of South Florida), Human Studies, 2010 33:465-471.
- 5) B. G. Murchland (Ohio Wesleyan University), Choice, 2010.
- 6) Robert Drury King (Purdue University), Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry, Fall 2009, Vol. 4, No. 10, 63.
- 7) Matt Applegate (Binghamton University), Radical Philosophy Review, Vol. 13, No. 2 (2010), 227-231.
Chiasms: Merleau-Ponty's Notion of the Flesh, eds. Fred Evans and Leonard Lawlor. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 2000.
- Journal Review: Kym Maclaren (University of King's College), "Explications of the Flesh," The Journal of Speculative Philosophy, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2003, 148-152.
Psychology and Nihilism: A Genealogical Critique of the Computational Model of Mind. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 1993.
- 1) Henderikus J. Stam (University of Calgary), "A Nietzschean and Foucauldian Critique of Psychology," Symposium: Journal of the Canadian Society for Hermeneutics and Postmodern Thought, Vol. 3, no. 2, Fall, 1999, 291-296.
- 2) John Ryder (SUNY, Cortland), The Journal of Speculative Philosophy, vol X, no. 2, 1996, 153-159.
- 3) Miles Groth (Wagner College), Review of Metaphysics, vol. XLVIII, no. 4, issue 192, June, 1995, 894-95.
- 4) Stewart Wolf (University of Oklahoma), Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Sciences: The Pavlovian Society, 28:4, 1993, 414.
- 5) Christopher M. Aantoos (West Georgia College), The Humanist Psychologist, vol. 22, vol. 1, Spring 1994, 116-117.
- 6) Robert N. McCauley (Emory University), Journal of the American Academy of Religion, vol. LXIV, no. 4, Winter 1996, 910-912.
- 7) Robert Hollinger (Iowa State University) and Anthony Boone (Stockton College) , Radical Philosophy Review of Books, No. 13, 1996, 54-57, 58-62.
Articles and Book Chapters in Philosophy
"Public Art in Urban Spaces," Handbook of Philosophy and the City, eds. Sharon Meager and Ronald Sundstrom (New York: Routledge), forthcoming.
"Marx: Historical Materialism, Ethics, and Communication" in An Encyclopedia of Communication Ethics, eds, Ronald C. Arnett, Annette M. Holba, and Susan Mancino (New York: Peter Lang Publishing), forthcoming.
"El cosmopolitismo que viene: Derrida y el pensamiento ‘fronterizo Latinoamericano'," Traducido por César Zamorano Díaz, Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso, Chile, Año 5 / 2017 / 1er semestre / N° 9 Págs. 49-72.
"‘Murmurs' and ‘Calls': The Significance of Voice in the Political Reason of Foucault and Derrida," in Between Foucault and Derrida, eds. Yubraj Aryal, Vernon Cisney, Nicolae Morar (Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press), 2016, 153-168.
"The Dilemma of Diversity: Rawls and Derrida on Political Justice," in Justice through Diversity?, ed. Michael Sweeny (New York: Rowan and Littlefield), 2016, 123-155.
"Derrida and the ‘Autoimmunity' of Democracy," Journal of Speculative Philosophy, Special SPEP Edition, 30 (3), 2016, 303-15.
"The Dilemma of Public Art's Permanence," Public Art Dialogue, Special Edition on Permanence in Public Art, Guest Editor, Erika Doss, 6 (1), Spring, 2016, 58-81.
"Deleuze's Political Ethics: A Fascism of the New?" Deleuze Studies, 10 (1), 2016, 85-99.
"Martin, Derrida, and ‘Ethical Marxism'," Radical Philosophy Review, 18 (2), 2015, 203-221.
"Cosmopolitanism ‘To Come': Derrida's Response to Globalization," in A Companion to Derrida, eds. Zeynep Direk and Leonard Lawlor (London: Wiley-Blackwell, 2014), 550-565.
"Ethics and the Voices of the Past," Postmedieval: A Journal of Medieval Cultural Studies, 5 2014, 5 (3), 359-373 (a special edition on ‘The Middle Ages and the Holocaust,' eds. N. Caputo and H. Johnson).
"Foucault and the ‘Being of Language'," in The Cambridge-Foucault Lexicon, eds. Leonard Lawlor and John Nole (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), 236-42.
"Citizenship and Public Art: The Political Aesthetics of New York's 9/11/01 Memorial," Belmont University Symposium Journal, Vol. 3, 2013/backdated 2012, 79-105.
"The Clamor of Voices: Neda, Barack, and Social Philosophy," Symposium:
Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy, 17 (2), Fall/Automne, 2013, 158-177.
"Voices and the ‘Spirit of Place'," In Exploring the Work of Edward S. Casey: Giving Voice to Place, Memory, and Imagination, eds. Azucena Cruz-Pierre and Donald A. Landes (London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2013), 215-224.
"Citizenship and Public Art: Chicago's Millennium Park," in Outrage! Art, Controversy, and Society, ed. Richard Howells, Andreea Ritivoi, Judith Schachter (New York: Palgrave, 2012, pp. 144-171).
"9/11: The ‘Clash of Civilizations' and Cultural Rights," Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry, vol. 6, no. 14, Winter, 2011.
"'Unnatural Participations': Merleau-Ponty, Deleuze, and Environmental Ethics," Philosophy Today, 54, 2010, 142-52. (SPEP Supplemental Volume 35 of Selected Studies in Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy, eds. Cynthia Willett and Leonard Lawlor).
"Deleuze, Bakhtin and the ‘Clamour of Voices'," Deleuze Studies, vol. 2(2), 2008, 178-200.
"La sociedad de todas las voces: Los zapatistas, Bajtín y los derechos humanos," traducción por Juan Carlos Grijalva, Alteridad (revista académica, Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y de la Educación, Universidad Politécnica Salesiana, Ecuador), No. 5, Nov. 2008, 44-62 (Spanish trans. of published English versión).
"Iris Marion Young and ‘Intersecting Voices'," Philosophy Today, 52, 2008, 10-18. (SPEP Supplemental Volume 33 of Selected Studies in Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy, eds. Peg Birmingham and James Risser).
Entries on "Genealogical Critique" and "The Center for Interpretive and Qualitative Research," for The SAGE Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods, ed. Lisa M. Given (London: Sage Publications, Inc.), 369-71, 73-74, 2008.
"Chiasm and Flesh," in Merleau-Ponty: Key Concepts, eds. Rosalyn Diprose and Jack Reynolds. Stocksfield, UK: Acumen Publishing Limited, 2008, 184-193.
(with Barbara McCloskey), "Sixties Redux? A Report from the 2004-05 Carnegie International (or, Kutlug Ataman's Provocation)," Kunst und Politik, Bd. 9, 2008, 175-181.
"Citizenship, Art and the Voices of the City: Wodiczko's The Homeless Projection." In Acts of Citizenship, eds. Engin Isin and Greg Nielsen. London: Zed Books, 2008, 227-246.
(with Barbara McCloskey) "The New Solidarity: A Case Study of Cross-Border Labor Networks and Mural Art in the Age of Globalization'," Toward a New Socialism, ed. Anatole Anton and Richard Schmitt. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 2007, 483-496.
"Lyotard, Foucault, and ‘Philosophical Politics,'" International Journal of the Humanities, 3, 2006, 85-98.
Entries on "Psychology," "Cognitive Science," "Bakhtin," "Hubert Dreyfus," "Dialogism," and "Heteroglossia/Monoglossia" for the Edinburgh University Press Dictionary of Continental Philosophy, ed. John Protevi, Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press Ltd., 2005, and for A Dictionary of Continental Philosophy, ed. John Protevi, Yale University, Yale University Press, 2006.
"Multi-Voiced Society: Philosophical Nuances on Salman Rushdie's Midnight's Children," Florida Journal of International Law, 16:3, 2004, 727-741.
"Cyberspace and the Concept of Democracy," Studies in Practical Philosophy: A Journal of Ethical and Political Philosophy, 4:1, 2004, 71-101. (Originally published in First Monday).
"Witnessing and the Social Unconscious," Studies in Practical Philosophy: A Journal of Ethical and Political Philosophy, 3:2, Fall 2003, 57-83.
"Lyotard, Bakhtin, and Radical Heterogeneity," Continental Philosophy, Vol.8, 2003, 61-74.
"Bakhtin, Communication, and the Politics of Multiculturalism." Reprinted in Mikhail Bakhtin: Sage Masters of Modern Social Thought, vol. IV, ed. Michael E. Gardiner. London: SAGE Publications, 2003, 271-293. (Originally published in Constellations).
"Dialogisme et droits de l'Homme au Chiapas," trans. Louis Jacob, Cahiers de recherche sociologique, no. 36, 2002, 75-104 (A translation of my "Voices of Chiapas").
"Genealogy and the Problem of Affirmation in Nietzsche, Foucault, and Bakhtin," Philosophy and Social Criticism, 27:3, 2001, 41-65.
"Cyberspace and the Concept of Democracy," First Monday, Vol. 5 (10) (October 2000) URL: http//www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue5_10/evans/index.html (a peer-reviewed electronic publication).
"Voices of Chiapas: The Zapatistas, Bakhtin, and Human Rights," Philosophy Today, 42, 2000, 196-210. (SPEP Supplemental Volume 25 of Selected Studies in Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy, ed. Linda Martín Alcoff and Walter Brogan).
"‘Chaosmos' and Merleau-Ponty's Philosophy of Nature," Chiasmi International: Trilingual Studies Concerning the Thought of Merleau-Ponty, 2, 2000, 63-82.
"The Value of Flesh: Merleau-Ponty's Philosophy and the Modernism/Postmodernism Debate" (with Leonard Lawlor); critical introductory essay to Chiasms: Merleau-Ponty's Notion of the Flesh, ed. Fred Evans and Leonard Lawlor. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 2000, 1-20.
"Merleau-Ponty, Lyotard and the Basis of Political Judgment," in Rereading Merleau-Ponty: Essays Across the Continental-Analytic Divide, ed. Lawrence Hass and Dorothea Olkowski. New York, NY: Prometheus Press, 2000, 253-274.
"'Solar Love': Nietzsche, Merleau-Ponty, and the Fortunes of Perception," Continental Philosophy Review, vol.31:2, 1998, 171-193.
"Voices, Oracles, and the Politics of Multiculturalism," Symposium, vol.2:2, 1998, 179-189.
"Bakhtin, Communication, and the Politics of Multiculturalism", Constellations: An International Journal of Critical and Democratic Theory, vol. 5:3, 1998, 403-423.
"Technology as Art and the ‘Spheres of Freedom and Necessity,'" Research in Philosophy and Technology, vol. 14, 1994, 219-234.
"Marx, Nietzsche, and the ‘Voices of Democracy,'" in Paradigms in Political Theory: Marxism-Liberalism-Postmodernism, ed. Steven Jay Gold, Iowa State University Press, Spring, 1993, 79-97.
"To ‘Informate' or ‘Automate': The New Information Technologies and Democratization of the Work Place," The Journal of Social Theory and Practice, vol. 17:3, 1991, 409-439.
"Cognitive Psychology, Phenomenology, and the ‘Creative Tension of Voices,'" Philosophy and Rhetoric, Vol. 24:2, 1991, 105-127.
"Language and Political Agency: Derrida, Marx, and Bakhtin," The Southern Journal of Philosophy, vol. 28:4, 1990, 249-266.
"Marx, Nietzsche, and the ‘New Class,'" Journal of Speculative Philosophy, vol. 4:3, 1990, 505-524.
"Marx, Nietzsche, y ‘La Nueva Clase,'" trad. por Magdalena Holguin, Ideas y Valores, Num. 74-75, Agosto-Diciembre, 1987, Publicacion de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia, 81-98.
Translations in Philosophy
Jean-François Lyotard, "On the Strength of the Weak," in Jean-François Lyotard, Toward the Post-Modern, ed. Robert Hurley and Mark Roberts, Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press International, 1993, 62-72.
Mikel Dufrenne, "Intentionality and Aesthetics," in Mikel Dufrenne, In the Presence of the Sensuous: Essays in Aesthetics, ed. Dennis Gallagher and Mark Roberts, Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1987, 3-12.
With Hugh J. Silverman, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, "The Experience of Others," in "Merleau-Ponty and Psychology," a special issue of the Review of Existential Psychology and Psychiatry, 18 (1,2,&3), 1985, 33-63.
"Integrating Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture: Report on the Biopesticides Conference Workshop," (with Anne K. Hollander and Alan Wood), in National Agricultural Biotechnology Council, Report 1: Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture: Policy Alternatives, ed. June Fessenden MacDonald (Ithaca, NY, Boyce Thompson Institute, 1989), vol. 1, 14-20.
"Research and Socio-Economic Rehabilitation Concerning the Handicapped in Laos," in M. Barber and A. Dore, eds., Sangkhom Khady San: Colloques en Sciences Humaines, Vientiane, Laos, 1974, 65-72.
"Lao Village Study: Economic, Social and Cultural Factors Related to Community Development in Tasseng Xieng Mene," a research monograph prepared for the Lao Government/International Voluntary Services, Inc., 1971; a copy of this monograph is included in the Cornell University South East Asian Studies Microfilm Library.
Contemporary Social and Political Philosophy
Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty
Philosophy of Michel Foucault
Gilles Deleuze: Anti-Oedipus
Gilles Deleuze: Difference and Repetition
Gilles Deleuze: A Thousand Plateaus
Philosophy of Communication: Saussure, Husserl, Derrida, Habermas, Lacan, Bakhtin
Language Theory and Continental Philosophy I: Saussure, Lacan, Irigaray, Kristeva
Language Theory and Continental Philosophy II: Gadamer, Habermas, Lyotard
Language Theory and Continental Philosophy III: Bakhtin
Power and Dialogue: Gadamer, Foucault, Kögler
Philosophy of Science
Philosophy of Psychoanalysis
Contemporary Social and Political Philosophy
Basic Philosophical Questions
Philosophical Roots of Psychology
Integrated Honors Program: Basic Philosophical Questions
Later Modern (Hegel, Kierkegaard, Marx, Nietzsche)
Philosophy of Technology
All fourteen of the students whose dissertations I have directed (listed below) are now teaching at universities or colleges. Six of them are tenured in philosophy departments; four of these are also the chairs of their departments. Of the other eight, two have recently received tenure-track lines, one having just received her PhD. Another of these has been a full time lecturer for many years at his university, and another, who is also an animal and human rights activist, has more recently received the equivalent of that rank. Three others received their PhDs recently and hold the position of Visiting Assistant Professor at their respective universities. Another who just received her PhD is teaching as an adjunct professor. The final member of this group is a Nigerian priest who is Principle of a high school and also a university lecturer in his home country.
Besides playing important roles in their institutions, all of these former students are incredibly interesting people. It has been my great pleasure to have directed their dissertations, played a role in their careers, and to have learned from them. I have also been fortunate to serve as an outside reader for six dissertations in the University of Pittsburgh's Latin American Studies PhD program. These students, all now professors in Latin America or in the U.S., became friends as well as my teachers about their cultures, countries, and intellectual projects. I feel similarly fortunate about the other scholars for whom I have served as an external reader at universities in the U.S. and Canada or in other departments at Duquesne.
Theory of Subjectification in Gilles Deleuze: A Study of the Temporality in Capitalism (Boram Jeong), a joint Cotutelle PhD with Université Paris VIII Vincennes-Saint-Denis, July, 2017.
From the Forests to the Academies: Vico's Fabulous Beginnings (Ariana Ragusa), August, 2016.
The Event of Revolution: Exploring the Relationship between the State and Radical Change (Nathan Eckstrand), July, 2014.
Merleau-Ponty and Levinas: Traces of Childlike Peace in a World at War (Brock Bahler), May, 2014.
Sensation Rebuilt: Carnal Ontology in Merleau-Ponty and Levinas (Tom Sparrow), Nov. 2009.
Kantian Meadows: A Just Nursing Home Grounded in the Categorical Imperative (Faith Bjalobok), March, 2006.
Whiteness and the Return of the "Black Body" (George Yancy), Sept. 2005.
The Morals of Language: Habermas, Levinas and Discourse Ethics (Joseph Campisi), Feb., 2005.
Time and Eternity in the Philosophy of Martin Heidegger (James A. Snyder), Feb., 2003.
Towards a New Signifier: Freedom and Determinism in Lacan's Theory of the Subject (Edward M. Pluth), Sept., 2002.
Tales of Recognition: A Kristevan Rewriting of Hegel (Georganna L. Ulary), Oct., 2001.
The Question of Expression: Toward a Phenomenological Rhetoric (David R. Koukal), Oct., 1999.
Merleau-Ponty's Hegelianism (Chris Nagel), May, 1996.
Body as Origin: Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Intentionality (Nnamdi A. Nwankwo), May, 1996.
Propaedeutic to Philosophy: Dialogue and Truth in Philosophical Practice (Lauren Nelson Hesse), Dept. of Philosophy, Stony Brook University, Dec. 2014.
Revista De Crítica Cultural: Pensando (En) La Transción (César Zamorano Díaz), Dept. of Hispanic Languages and Literatures, University of Pittsburgh, April, 2014.
Textualidades Electrónicas en América Latina. Producción Literaria en el Capitalismo Informacional (Carolina Gainza, Dept. of Hispanic Languages and Literatures, University of Pittsburgh), Dec., 2012.
The Wordsworthian Inheritance of Melville's Poetics (Cory R. Goehring, Dept. of English, University of Pittsburgh), May, 2010.
Éthica, utopia e intoxicación: un diálogo entre Rodrigo D. No Futuro y La vendedora de rosas con la crítica cultural contemporánea (Lizardo M. Herrera, Dept. of Hispanic Languages and Literatures, University of Pittsburgh), April, 2009.
Conflicto, Hegemonía y Nacionalismo Tutelado en Colombia 2002-2008: Entre la Comunicación Gubernamental y La Ficción Noticiosa de Televisión (Fabio López de La Roche, Dept. of Hispanic Languages and Literatures, University of Pittsburgh), April, 2009.
Look(in)g Asian, Accenting English: An Autoethnography of Interstitial "Cultural Identity" (Akiko Motomura, Dept. of Psychology, Duquesne University), Aug. 2008.
Normative Practices and Normative Identities: A Critical Feminist Investigation of Pregnancy Ultrasound, (Bethany Riddle, Dept. of Psychology, Duquesne University), Jan. 2006.
Integrating Deleuze and Guattari's Theory of Difference into the Practice of Object Relations Therapy, (Amy Goodson, Dept. of Psychology, Duquesne University), April, 2004.
Buscando los restos de america: Exotismo, utopia e identidad latinomericana en el siglo XX, (Juan Carlos Grijalva, Dept. of Hispanic Languages and Literatures, University of Pittsburgh), March 2004.
Literatura latinoamericana y razón imperial: Habitar el espacio literario después de la ciudad letrada, (Sergio Villalobos-Ruminott, Dept. Hispanic Languages and Literatures, University of Pittsburgh), Dec. 2003.
History, Space, and Language in the Work of Habermas and Bakhtin (Niamh Hennessy, Graduate Programme in Social and Political Thought, York University, Canada), Nov., 2000.
Contradiction, Expression, and Chiasm: The Development of Intersubjectivity in Maurice Merleau-Ponty (Theodore Albert Toadvine, Dept. of Philosophy, University of Memphis), May, 1996.
Variances in Higher Order Thinking and Narrative Topics in High School Students' Confessional Journals (Josh M. Slifkin, School of Education, Duquesne University), April, 2000.
Heidegger and Deleuze: The Groundwork of Evental Ontology (Jim Bahoh), April, 2016.
Kant with Foucault: On the Dangers of the Theoretical Reification of the Subject to Freedom and the Need of a Practical Psychology (Matt Valentine), April, 2016.
Rethinking Multiplicity After Deleuze and Badiou (Becky Vartabedian), Oct. 2015.
Nietzsche and Comedy: Provocative Laughter Amidst A Tragic Philosophy (Michael Rudar), May 30, 2014.
The A Priori Nature of the Political: Democracy and Scientific Method in Thomas Hobbes (Patrick Craig), Oct. 2014.
In the Shadow of Anaximander: Philosophical Temperaments and Schopenhauerian Pessimism in Nietzsche's Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks (Chris Mountenay), Oct. 4, 2013.
Husserl and Foucault on the Subject: The Companions (Harry A. Nethery IV), July 11, 2013.
Non-Being and Memory: A Critique of Pure Difference in Derrida and Deleuze (Frank Scalambrino), April, 2011.
Feminist Theory as Meta-Critical (Taine Duncan), August, 2010.
On Whether or Not Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Lived Body Experience Can Enrich St. Thomas Aquinas's Integral Anthropology (Joshua Miller), March, 2009.
Life of the People, Body of the People: Re-Reading the Imagery of the Body Politic (Wade Roberts), Aug. 2007.
Attending Intending: On Meaning and Making Sense in Husserl and Wittgenstein (Matt Morgan), Aug. 2006.
Edith Stein: Toward an Ethic of Relationship and Responsibility (Judith Parsons), Nov. 2005.
Bodies of Knowledge: Perception in Spinoza and Whitehead (Robert Johnson), Jan. 2003.
Truth, Assumption, and the Self (Hulya Guney), Dec. 2002.
Reflected Freedom: Levinas' Defense of Ethical Subjectivity (Scott Davidson), Dec. 2002.
The Pre-Text of Ethics: On Derrida and Levinas (Diane M. Duncan), May, 1998.
Cosmos, Chaos, Chaosmos: The World of Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose (George S. Metejka), May, 1998.
Images and Shuddering: Later Kant in the Birth of Nietzsche (Paul A. Swift), Nov., 1995.