Jennie Schulze

Jennie Schulze

Associate Professor
McAnulty College and Graduate School of Liberal Arts
Political Science

College Hall 507
Phone: 412.396.6483
schulzej@duq.edu

Education:

Ph.D., Political Science, The George Washington University, 2009
B.A., Political Science, Boston College, 2001
Biography and Expertise

Jennie L. Schulze (PhD) is an Associate Professor of in the Department of Political Science at Duquesne University. Her research interests include the influence of European institutions and kin-states on minority integration and minority rights in Central and Eastern Europe, as well as how cultural, structural, and social variables effect minority integration and democratic participation. Her book, Strategic Frames: Europe, Russia and Minority Inclusion in Estonia and Latvia (University of Pittsburgh, 2018) focuses on the comparative influence of European institutions and Russia on the development of minority policies in Estonia and Latvia after they regained their independence in 1991. She is working on a new comparative book project on the challenges of refugee resettlement during times of crisis. Schulze's scholarly articles have appeared in journals such as Problems of Post-Communism, Nationalities Papers, Eurasian Geography and Economics, Polity, the Journal for Ethnic and Minority Issues in Europe, and Studies of Transition States and Societies. She is the Director of the Center for Migration, Displacement, and Community Studies at Duquesne University and she teaches both comparative politics and international relations courses.
Expertise in Minorities, Nationalism, Eastern Europe, EU Enlargement, and Refugee Resettlement.

Publications

BOOK PUBLISHED BY MAJOR ACADEMIC PRESS

Strategic Frames. Europe, Russia, and Minority Inclusion in Estonia and Latvia, Russian and Eastern European Studies Series, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2018. Series editor: Jonathan Harris. The book examines how European institutions and Russia have interactively shaped policymaking toward Russian-speakers in Estonia and Latvia over the course of the past twenty-five years.
Honorable Mention, Joseph Rothschild Book Prize in Nationalism and Ethnic Studies, 2019.

PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES

• "Reframing Russia's Soft Power in Post-Accession Latvia: Education Reform and Naturalization for Stateless Children," Eurasian Geography and Economics 62, no. 3 (2021): 264-292. Published online December 19, 2020. Through an analysis of recent parliamentary debates over education and naturalization policies, this article demonstrates how Russia's soft power agenda provides a key context in which Latvia's policies toward Russian-speakers are made.
• "Pinning-down Democracy in Estonia: A Q-Method Study," Polity 50, no. 1 (January 2018): 4-42 (co-authored with Rune H. Anderson and Külliki Seppel). Using Q methodology to identify current discourses on democracy in Estonian society, this article highlights the disjuncture that exists between understandings of democracy among ethnic Estonians and predominant academic conceptualizations and measurement instruments.
• "Does Russia Matter? European Institutions, Strategic Framing, and the Case of Stateless Children in Estonia and Latvia," Problems of Post-Communism 64, No. 5 (October 2017): 257-275.This article explores how Russia's kin-state activism has influenced naturalization procedures for stateless children in Estonia and Latvia through a qualitative analysis of parliamentary debates from independence in 1991 through 2015.
• "The Ethnic Participation Gap: Comparing Second Generation Russian Youth and Estonian Youth," Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe, Vol. 13, No.1 (2014), pp. 19-56. Through a quantitative analysis of "The Integration of the European Second Generation" (TIES) survey, this article explores the factors that influence the political and civic participation of second generation Russian youth in comparison with Estonian youth.
• "The Relationship between Integration Dimensions among Second Generation Russians in Estonia," Studies of Transition States and Societies, Vol. 3, No. 1 (2011), pp. 76-91 (co-authored with Gerli Nimmerfeldt and Marti Taru). This article examines the relationship between structural, cultural, social and identificational dimensions of integration among second generation Russians in Estonia through a quantitative analysis of "The Integration of the European Second Generation" (TIES) survey.
• "Estonia Caught between East and West: EU Conditionality, Russia's Activism, and Minority Integration," Nationalities Papers, Vol. 38, No. 3 (May 2010), pp. 361-392. This article employs Q methodology to explore how EU conditionality and Russia's activism have influenced elite attitudes toward minority policies, majority-minority relations, and language use in Estonian society.


PEER-REVIEWED CHAPTERS IN EDITED VOLUMES

• "Latvia's Soft Neo-militancy: Limiting Russia's Influence," in J. Rak and R. Baecker eds., Neo-militant Democracies in the Post-communist Member States of the EU (New York: Routledge, forthcoming). The chapter argues that Latvia's "soft neo-militarism" is largely a product of historical legacies and Latvia's nation-building process, as well as its current relations with Russia. It concludes with a discussion of the legitimacy of neo-militant restrictions in Latvia, as well as possible alternatives for safeguarding Latvian democracy against external and internal threats.
• "Russia Rising: Hard and Soft Power Challenges," in Z. Csergo, D. Eglits and P. Pickering eds., Central and East European Politics: From Communism to Democracy (Fifth Edition) (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2021), pp. 269-304. This chapter provides an overview of the hard and soft-power resources that Russia uses to influence other countries in Central and Eastern Europe. Case study examples highlight how Russia seeks to influence Central and East European countries through military and economic pressures, cyberattacks, information campaigns, and support for particular political parties. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the West as an alternative center of power and the challenges that CEE countries face at the crossroads of Russian and European influence.• "Shattering the Glass Ceiling: Russian Perspectives on Integration in Estonia," in R. Vetik ed., Nation-Building in the Context of Post-Communist Transformation and Globalization (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 2012), pp. 283-318. Through in-depth interviews with Russian minority representatives, this chapter explores how Russian-speakers understand integration and how they assess the Estonian integration program.
• "Contact and Crisis in Interethnic Relations," in R. Vetik & J. Helemäe, eds., The Russian Second Generation in Tallinn and Kohtla-Järve (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2011), pp. 163-180. Through a quantitative analysis of "The Integration of the European Second Generation" (TIES) survey, this chapter evaluates the influence of key variables including interethnic contact, experiences of discrimination, and the Bronze Soldier Crisis on interethnic attitudes between ethnic Estonian youth and second generation Russian youth in Estonian society.

OTHER SCHOLARLY PUBLICATIONS

• "Russia's Soft Power Agenda and Public Diplomacy: Lesson from the Baltics (Between Europe and Russia (Bear) Network, Policy Memo produces for Brussels Policy Conference, May 18, 2021). Available at: http://www.bearnetwork.ca/policy-memos. Russia's soft power agenda and public diplomacy campaigns have raised considerable concerns across the Central and Eastern European (CEE)region. This policy memo argues for the importance of assessing the influence of Russia's soft power agenda on minority policymaking in target states. Drawing largely from examples and lessons learned in the Baltic States, it concludes with recommendations for combating Russia's information campaigns.
• "Cultural Integration and Adaptation," in The Integration of Second Generation Russians in Estonian Society: Country Report on TIES Survey in Estonia (Tallinn: Institute for International and Social Studies, 2008), pp. 58-93. This chapter of the country report provides a summary of the cultural integration and adaptation of second generation Russians in comparison with ethnic Estonian youth through a quantitative analysis of the TIES survey.
• "Social Relations," in The Integration of Second Generation Russians in Estonian Society: Country Report on TIES Survey in Estonia (Tallinn: Institute for International and Social Studies, 2008), pp. 94-106.  This chapter of the country report provides a summary of the social integration and adaptation of second generation Russians in comparison with ethnic Estonian youth through a quantitative analysis the TIES survey.

Courses
COURSES

POSC 116 - Current Challenges for Liberal Democracies
POSC 208 - Politics of Great Powers
POSC 245 - International Relations
POSC 303 (FCEL) - Politics of Immigration
POSC 321 - Government and Politics of Russia and Eastern Europe
POSC 408 - Democracy Conflict and World Politics
POSC 419W - Ethnic Conflict: Politics and Policy

Honors/Award/ Grants

AWARDS

• Excellence in Community Engagement, Pennsylvania Statewide Refugee Consultation, 2021.
• Honorable Mention, Joseph Rothschild Book Prize in Nationalism and Ethnic Studies, 2019.
• Faculty Excellence Award in Service in the McAnulty College and Graduate School of Liberal Arts, Duquesne University, spring 2019.
• Jewish Family and Community Service's Aryeh Sherman Volunteer of the Year Award. Immigration and Refugee Services, Pittsburgh, PA, 2018.
• Junior Faculty Excellence in Teaching Award in the McAnulty College and Graduate School of Liberal Arts, Duquesne University, spring 2016.

FELLOWSHIPS AND GRANTS AWARDED (Since 2010)

• Faculty Development Fund Award, "City of Bridges: Receiving Refugees in Pittsburgh," Duquesne University, 2018 ($8330).
• City Lore funded by the National Endowment for Humanities. "Becoming Americans," 2017.
• Presidential Scholarship Award, Duquesne University. "Strategic Frames. Europe, Russia, and Minority Inclusion in Estonia and Latvia," 2017.
• Research Grant for Emerging Scholars, Association for the Advancement of Baltic Studies. "The Consequences of Playing the Compatriot Card: The Influence of Russia's Activism on Elite Attitudes in Estonia and Latvia," 2012.
• Presidential Scholarship Award, Duquesne University. "The Language of Belonging: Second Generation Russians in Estonia," 2012.
• Severino A. Russo Endowed Faculty Development Award, Duquesne University. "The Consequences of Playing the Compatriot Card: The Influence of Russia's Activism on Elite Attitudes in Estonia and Latvia," 2012.
• McAnulty Summer Grant Writing Funding Award, 2012.

Presentations

INVITED SCHOLARLY PRESENTATIONS
• US Department of State, Foreign Service Institute. "Minority Integration and Minority Rights in the Baltic Countries," Washington, DC, June 29, 2021. Invited presentation to prepare Foreign Service Officers for working it the region.
• EURAC Research, Political Organizations of Cross-border Minorities, Online Colloquium, "Neo-militant Democracy in Latvia," June 15, 2021. Invited presentation for scholarly exchange.
• Between Europe and Russia Network, Brussels Policy Conference "Bridging the EU and Russia." "Russia's Soft Power Agenda and Public Diplomacy: Lesson from the Baltics," May 18, 2021. Invited presentation intended to encourage dialog between policymakers and scholars.
• US Department of State, Foreign Service Institute. "Minority Integration and Minority Rights in the Baltic Countries," Washington, DC, March 3, 2021. Invited presentation to prepare Foreign Service Officers for working it the region.
• PA Statewide Refugee Consultation. "ARYSE After School Club," January 20, 2021. Invited presentation to present the after school club at Duquesne University and assessment outcomes to national, state, and regional stakeholders.
• US Department of State, Foreign Service Institute. "Minority Integration and Minority Rights in the Baltic Countries," Washington, DC, September 2, 2020. Invited presentation to prepare Foreign Service Officers for working it the region.
• US Department of State, Foreign Service Institute. "Minority Integration and Minority Rights in the Baltic Countries," Washington, DC, June 24, 2020. Invited presentation to prepare Foreign Service Officers for working it the region.
• Columbia University, Harriman Institute, November 18, 2019. Book Talk: Strategic Frames. Europe, Russia and Minority Inclusion in Estonia and Latvia (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2018).
• US Department of State, Executive Analytic Exchange. "Interethnic Relations and Minority Integration in Estonia," Washington, DC, October 29, 2019. Invited presentation to prepare the newly appointed Ambassador to Latvia, John Leslie Carwile.
• University of Montreal, "State Strategies toward Russian-Speakers in Estonia and Latvia: How Policymakers Frame Europe and Russia in Debates over Citizenship and Language Policy," June 19, 2019. Invited Lecture for the "Between Europe and Russia" (BEAR) Network Montreal graduate summer school.
• Jewish Community Center, Pittsburgh PA. "The Century of Immigration," "Between Two Worlds: Identity and Acculturation," and "Family and Community." October 8, 22, November 5, 2018. Documentary and Lecture Series as part of the "Becoming Americans" grant through City Lore funded by the National Endowment of the Humanities.
• Queen's University, "Strategic Framing and the Case of Stateless Children: How Europe and Russia Influence Policymaking toward Russian-speakers in Estonia and Latvia." September 28, 2018. Invited public lecture sponsored by the Centre for the Study of Democracy and Diversity and the Department of Political Studies.
• McGill University, "Strategic Frames. Europe, Russia, and Minority Inclusion in Estonia and Latvia." September 27, 2018. Invited public lecture sponsored by the Jean Monnet Centre, Montreal and the Department of Political Science.
• US Department of Defense, "The Baltic States: Culture and Socio-Political Trends in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania." Ft. Carson, CO, January 26, 2017. Invited presentation by the Leader Development and Education for Sustained Peace Program (LDESP) to prepare the command of the 4th Infantry Division of the US Army for deployment to the Baltic States for both NATO and US led operations.
• University of Pittsburgh, "The Bronze Soldier Crisis: Russia's Activism and Minority Policies." Pittsburgh, PA, October 10, 2014. Invited presentation for the Baltic Symposium, Re) Imagining and (Re) Interpreting Spaces, Symbols and Sites: The Baltic Region from the 19th to the 21st Century.
• University of Pittsburgh, "Interethnic Relations and Minority Integration in Estonia." Pittsburgh, PA, June 26, 2013. Invited presentation for the Baltic Studies Summer Institute (BALSSI) and university community.
• US Department of State, "Interethnic Relations and Minority Integration in Estonia," Washington, DC, July 20, 2012. Invited presentation to prepare the newly appointed Ambassador to Estonia, Jeffrey Levine.

SCHOLARLY PRESENTATIONS, COMPETITIVELY REVIEWED (Since 2012)

• Association for the Slavic East European and Eurasian Studies Annual Convention. November 8, 2020. Roundtable: Understanding the Political Impact of Anxiety in Central and Eastern Europe with Federigo Argentieri, Zsuzsa Csergo, Jane Curry, Michelle Kelso, and Sharon Wolchik. International Forum.
• American Political Science Association Annual Convention. September 13, 2020. Roundtable: Kin-State Politics in a Time of Geopolitical Realignment with Zsuzsa Csergo, Erin Jenne, David Laitin, Harris Mylonas, and Myra Waterbury. International Forum.
• Association for the Study of Nationalities Annual Convention, Columbia University, New York, NY. May 2, 2019. Book Panel, Strategic Frames. Europe, Russia and Minority Inclusion in Estonia and Latvia. International Forum
• American Political Science Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA. September 3-7, 2015. Does Russia Matter? Citizenship and Language Policies in Estonia and Latvia." International Forum.
• Association for the Study of Nationalities Annual Convention, Columbia University, New York, NY. April 23, 2015. "Does Russia Matter? Citizenship Policies in Estonia and Latvia." International Forum.
• Association for the Study of Nationalities Annual Convention, Columbia University, New York, NY. April 19, 2013. "Russia's Soft Power: Identifications with Russia among Second Generational Russians in Estonia." International Forum.
• British Association for Slavonic and East European Studies Annual Convention, Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge University. Cambridge, UK. April 6, 2013. "Political and Civic Participation among Second Generation Russians in Estonia." International Forum.
• International Political Science Association Annual Conference, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain. July 9, 2012. "Pinning-down Democracy in Estonia: A Q-Method Study." International Forum. Previous version presented at the ISS World Congress, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary (2008). International Forum.
• Association for the Advancement of Baltic Studies Annual Convention, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL. April 28, 2012. "The Consequences of Playing the Compatriot Card: The Influence of Russia's Activism on Elite Attitudes in Estonia and Latvia." International Forum.
• International Studies Association Annual Convention, San Diego, CA. April 2, 2012. "Moving ‘Beyond Conditionality': Problematizing Elite Attitudes in Estonia and Latvia in the Post-Accession Period." International Forum.