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Xia Chao

Xia Chao

Assistant Professor
School of Education
Department of Instruction & Leadership in Education - ESL Teacher Certification and Master’s Program

110A Canevin Hall
Phone: 412.396.2329
chaox@duq.edu

Education:

Ph.D., Second Language Acquisition and Teaching, the University of Alabama, 2013
Bio

Dr. Xia Chao joined Duquesne University in July 2015. She is Assistant Professor of Second Language (L2) acquisition and teaching at the Department of Instruction and Leadership in Education in the School of Education. She teaches courses in English language learners education in K-12 schools, culturally and linguistically diverse learners, and L2 literacy education.

Combining methods and perspectives from educational and linguistic anthropology, critical applied linguistics, and sociolinguistics, Dr. Chao investigates language and education in multicultural and multilingual settings such as schools, families, churches, and other social institutions. She gives special attention to the intersection among L2 literacy, class, identity, religion, and pedagogy, in addition to immigrant family literacy, academic discourse socialization of L2 learners, and L2 teacher education. Dr. Chao's publications appear in such diverse journals including Journal of Literacy Research, Anthropology and Education Quarterly, Linguistics and Education, Critical Inquiry in Language Studies, Asia Pacific Journal of Education, and others.

Dr. Chao currently serves as the Managing Editor for Critical Inquiry in Language Studies, as well as on the Editorial Board for RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research. She has also served as a reviewer for numerous professional research journals including Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, Journal of Literacy Research, Teaching and Teacher Education, the Teacher Educator, and Studies in Higher Education.

Dr. Chao received her Ph.D in L2 acquisition and teaching from the University of Alabama in May 2013. She served as the director of the Intensive English Program and faculty at the College of Education in Montana State University Billings before moving to Pittsburgh.

Teaching

Graduate:
Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Learners
Helping English Language Learners in Mainstream Classrooms
TESOL Methods
TESOL Seminar
Curriculum Theory: Analysis and Practice

Undergraduate:
Meeting the Needs of English Language Learners

Research

Peer-reviewed Journal Articles

Chao, X. (2019). “What defines me is what I’ve been through.”: Bhutanese refugee youth identity in the U.S. British Journal of Sociology of Education. doi: 10.1080/01425692.2019.1604210

Chao, X., Xue, M., Jetmore, R., Fritsch, R., Kang, B., & Xu, M. (2019). "Organic learning:" Teaching abroad as a figured world for the conceptualization and negotiation of preservice teachers' identities. Teacher Education Quarterly, 46(2), 7-29.

Chao, X., & Waller, R. (2017). Urban Indigenous bilingualism: "An environmental allergy?" Urban Education.

Chao, X., & Ma, X. (2017). Transnational habitus: Educational, bilingual, and biliteracy practices of Chinese sojourner families in the U.S. Journal of Early Childhood Literacy.

Chao, X. (2016). Community service learning as critical curriculum: Promoting international students' second language experiences. Critical Inquiry in Language Studies, 13(4), 289-318.

Herron, J., Summers, R., & Chao, X. (2015). Mathematics and language: An analysis of elementary teachers' lesson plans in elementary geometry lessons. Russian-American Education Forum, 7(1).

Xue, M., & Chao, X. (2015). Non-borrowing students' perceptions of student loans and strategies of paying for college. Journal of Student Financial Aid, 45(2), 25-45.

Chao, X., & Mantero, M. (2014). Church-based ESL programs: Social mediators for empowering "family literacy ecology of communities." Journal of Literacy Research, 46(1), 90-114.

Chao, X., Xue, M., & Xu, M. (2014). Elementary English education: An arena of social struggle for professional Chinese parents. Critical Inquiry in Language Studies, 11(4), 252-272.

Xue, M., Chao, X., & Kuntz, A. (2014). A qualitative study: Academic socialization of Chinese visiting scholars in the United States. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 35(2), 290-307.

Chao, X. (2013). Class habitus: Middle-class Chinese immigrant parents' investment in their newcomer adolescents' L2 acquisition and social integration. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 44(1), 58-74.

Chao, X., & Kuntz, A. (2013). Church-based ESL program as a figured world: Immigrant adult learners, identity and power. Linguistics and Education, 24(4), 466-478.

Chao, X. (2006). The effects of teaching strategies in elementary English as a foreign language story reading. China Foreign Language Teaching and Learning Research Journal, 4(3), 49 - 51. (in Chinese language)

Chao, X. (2000). Developing students' multiple thinking via English teaching. Beijing Education, 12, 18 - 20. (in Chinese language)

Peer-reviewed Book Chapters

Chao, X. (2019). Volunteer ESL teacher agency in community-based language programs: An ethnographic cross-case analysis. In Hayriye KayiAydar, Xuesong Gao, Elizabeth Miller, Manka Vanghese, Gergana Vitanova (eds.) Theorizing and analyzing language teacher agency (pp. 217-236). Multilingual Matters.

Chao, X. (2018). "Self-study" is not "self:" Researching lived experience in teacher educator development. In J. Ritter, M. Lunenberg, K. Pithouse-Morgan, A. P. Samaras, & E. Vanassche. (eds.). Teaching, learning, and enacting of self-study methodology: Unraveling a complex Interplay (pp. 43-48). Singapore: Springer.

Ritter, J. K., Ayieko, R. A., Chao, X., Khalil, O., Mahalingappa, L., Meidl, C. J., Meyer, C. K., Quiñones, S., & Williams, J. A. (2018). Insight gleaned from our participation in a faculty self-study learning group. In J. K. Ritter, M. Lunenberg, K. Pithouse-Morgan, A. P. Samaras, & E. Vanassche (Eds.), Teaching, learning, and enacting of self-study methodology: Unraveling a complex interplay (pp. 85-97). Singapore: Springer.

Meidl, C., & Chao, X. (2018). Establishing asset thinking with preservice teachers: Community-engaged learning with young children from public housing. In T. Meidl and Mary-Margaret Sulentic-Dowell (eds.) Service-Learning initiatives in teacher education programs. IGI Book.

Book Reviews

Chao, X. (2019). Review of the book "English teaching and evangelical mission: The case of Lighthouse School", by Bill Johnston. Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, Special Issue, 18(1).

Chao, X. (2009). Review of the book "Educating the other America: Top experts tackle poverty, literacy, and achievement in our schools." English Leadership Quarterly, 32(2), 13.

International/National Conference Presentations

Chao, X. (2019). “Saving stories” as translocal action: A bilingual picture book project for teachers, students, refugee families, and communities. Paper presented at the 2019 American Educational Research Association annual conference. Toronto, CA.

Chao, X. (2018). "Saving stories": A community-based bilingual and biliteracy study. Paper presented at the 2018 Literacy Research Association annual conference. Indian Wells, CA.

Chao, X. (2018). Beyond nation-state status: Exploring language, identity, and citizenship in a church-based ESL program for refugees. Paper presented at the 2018 American Educational Research Association annual conference, New York, NY.

Meidl, C., & Chao, X. (2018). Pedagogy to promote asset thinking from community-engaged learning. Paper presented at the 2018 American Educational Research Association annual conference, New York, NY.

Ritter, J. K., Ayieko R. A., Chao, X., Mahalingappa, L., Meidl, C. J., Meyer, C. K., Quiñones, S., & Williams, J. A. (2018). Learning to do self-study: An inquiry into the experiences of faculty participants in a self-study learning group. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, NY.

Chao, X. (2017). "Self-study" is not "self": Researching lived experience in teacher educator development. Paper presented in the symposium "Self-study as a means of democratizing teacher education research" at the Association of Teacher Education 2017 Summer Conference. Pittsburgh, PA

Chao, X. (2017). Transforming and/or reproducing? Church-based ESL pedagogy, spirituality, language, and power. Paper presented at the 2017 American Educational Research Association annual meeting, San Antonio, TX.

Chao, X. (2016). Building on literacy and imagination: Church ladies helping refugees. Paper presented at the Literacy Research Association 66th annual conference. Nashville, TN.

Chao, X. (2016). Community service learning as critical curriculum: Expanding possibilities of international students' second language experiences. Paper presented at the 100th American Educational Research Association annual conference, Washington, D.C.

Chao, X. (2016). Church-based ESL in multi-ethnic spaces: Critical pedagogy for adult immigrant literacy. Paper presented at the American Association for Applied Linguistics the 2016 annual conference, Orlando, FL.

Chao, X. (2016). Creating third space: Volunteer instructors' spiritual and critical perspectives and practices at church-based ESL programs in the American bible-belt. Paper presented at the colloquium "Religious Institutions as Alternative Spaces in Applied Linguistic Research: Taking Stock, and Moving Forward" in the American Association for Applied Linguistics (AAAL) annual conference, Orlando, FL.

Chao, X. (2015). From transmission to transformation: Critical pedagogy for adult immigrant ESL literacy. Paper presented at the 65th annual conference of the Literacy Research Association (LRA), Carlsbad, California.

Chao, X. (2015). ESL literacy engagement in multicultural and multilingual classrooms. Paper presented at the annual convention and world languages expo of the 2015 American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL), San Diego, California.

Chao, X. (2015). Juggling language, identity, and race: Arab students' ESL learning. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 2015 TESOL International Convention & English Language Expo, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Chao, X., & Waller, R. (2015). Urban American Indian family literacy: Sociocultural models of emergent bilingualism. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 2015 American Educational Research Association (AERA), Chicago, IL.

Chao, X. (2014). Adult ESL education as transformation toward humanization: language, pedagogy, and identity. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 2014 American Educational Research Association (AERA), Philadelphia, PA.

Xue, M., Chao, X., & Kuntz, A. (2013). Chinese visiting scholars' academic socialization in U.S. institutions of higher education: A qualitative study. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 2013 American Educational Research Association (AERA), San Francisco, California.

Chao, X. (2012). A multi-sited ethnography: Immigrant adults' church-based second language socialization and family cultural capital. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 2012 American Educational Research Association (AERA), Vancouver, Canada.

Xue, M., & Chao, X. (2012). Lower-middle-SES non-borrowing students' strategies of paying for college and reasons for their aversion to borrowing. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry Association (QI), Champaign, Illinois.

Chao, X. (2011). Opportunities for English language and cultural acquisition of newly arrived Chinese immigrant early adolescents. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 2011 American Association of Applied Linguistics (AAAL), Chicago, Illinois.

Chao, X. (2010). Church-based ESL class: Collaboration in English language socialization of the Chinese immigrant adults and their children. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 2010 American Educational Research Association (AERA), Denver, Colorado.

Chao, X. (2009). Inside every story, there is a beautiful journey: An immigrant Chinese girl's second literacy improvement. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry Conference (QI), Champaign, Illinois.

Regional/Local Conference Presentations

Chao, X. (2017). Newly arrived refugees' language socialization. Invited panelist for the panel "Supporting refugees and immigrants in Pittsburgh" at the annual meeting of the Three Rivers TESOL Conference, Duquesne University, Pennsylvania.

Chao, X. (2012). Church-based ESL literacy program as a figured world: Empowering immigrant adult learners and their children. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 2012 Mid- south Educational Research Association (MSERA), Lexington, Kentucky.

Chao, X. (2011). Faith-based ministry: Investment in international college students' language and cultural acquisition and community involvement. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 2011 Mid-south Educational Research Association (MSERA), Oxford, Mississippi.

Chair at Conferences

Chao, X. (2019). Chair of a roundtable session: Space, identity, and language: Contexts of teaching multilingual learners. The 2019 American Educational Research Association (AERA) annual conference. Toronto, CA.

Chao, X. (2019). Chair of a roundtable session: Language, identity, and self across Educational contexts. The 2019 American Educational Research Association (AERA) annual conference. Toronto, CA.

Chao, X. (2019). Chair of a roundtable session: Teachers’ perceptions of professional tools. The 2019 American Educational Research Association (AERA) annual conference. Toronto, CA.

Chao, X. (2018). Chair of a paper session: Meeting the needs of language learners: Crafting interactive scaffolds that foster communicative competence and agency. The 2018 Literacy Research Association annual conference. Indian Wells, CA.

Chao, X. (2018). Chair of a roundtable session: Reclaiming languages and discourses within communities. The 2018 Literacy Research Association annual conference. Indian Wells, CA.

Chao, X. (2011). Chair of a paper session: Second language learning and teaching. The annual meeting of the 2012 American Association of Applied Linguistics (AAAL), Chicago, Illinois.

Chao, X. (2011). Chair of a paper session: Language learning and community engagement. The annual meeting of the 2011 Mid-South Educational Research Association (MSERA), Oxford, Mississippi.

Invited Featured Conference Presentations

Chao, X. (2018). Understanding English language learners. Pennsylvania State Education Association Conference, State College, PA.

Awards and Grants

AWARDS

Early Career Award for Excellence in Teaching - 2019 
School of Education, Duquesne University

Outstanding Early Career Scholar Award - 2016
Adult Literacy and Adult Education SIG, American Educational Research Association 

J. Michael Parker Award - 2015
Literacy Research Association

Sarah L. Healy Endowed Graduate Scholarship -  2011-2013
University of Alabama

William E. Sexton Endowed Scholarship in Education - 2010-2011
University of Alabama

GRANTS

Chao, X. (2019-2020, PI). The refugee bilingual digital picture storybook project: Research for translocal action. The National Geographic Society Grant NGD-54334E-18.

Chao, X. (2018-2019, PI). Community-engaged teacher preparation: A situated approach to understanding English learners. Faculty Collaborative Targeted Outcomes-Driven Initiatives grant, Department of Instruction and Leadership in Education, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA.

Chao, X. (2017-2019, PI). Saving stories as translocal action: A bilingual picture book project bridging literacy worlds of teachers, students, refugee families, and communities. The Faculty Development Fund, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA.

Chao, X. (2017-2018, PI). Building a new school life in the U.S.: Challenges and access for newcomer refugee students' language, identity and learning. The Charles Henry Leach II Fund, Pittsburgh, PA.

Chao, X. (2016-2017, PI). Language and literacy in church-based ESL programs for Bhutanese refugees: Building on strength, imagination, and equity. The Paluse Faculty Research Grant, Duquesne
University, Pittsburgh, PA.

Chao, X. (2016-2017, PI). Community service learning as critical curriculum: Promoting international students' second language practices. Research and Development Grant, Duquesne University,
Pittsburgh, PA.

Service and Affiliations

SERVICE

International/National Research Committees

Ethnicity, Race, and Multilingualism Committee - 2018-2021
Literacy Research Association

J. Michael Parker Award Committee - 2018-2021
Literacy Research Association

Adult Literacy & Adult Education SIG Awards Committee - 2018
American Educational Research Association

Editorial Boards

Critical Inquiry in Language Studies - 2012-Present

RELC: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research - 2015-Present

Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy - 2015-Present

Literacy and Social Responsibility E-Journal - 2016-Present

Manuscript Reviewer

Bilingual Research Journal

Language and Education

Reading Research Quarterly

Studies in Higher Education

Sociological Quarterly

Diaspora, Indigenous, and Minority Education

Proposal Reviewer for Academic Conferences

American Educational Research Association - 2012-Present

Literacy Research Association - 2014-Present

Mid-South Educational Research Association - 2012-2013

Consulting

Consultant of Teacher Professional Development 2017-2019
Keystone Oaks School District, Pittsburgh, PA

Duquesne University Services

University Service:
Member of the Cira Heinz Scholarship Award Committee - 2017-Present
Co-advisor of the Pennsylvania State Education Association Duquesne Chapter - 2017-Present

School of Education Service:
Member of the Academic and Curriculum Committee - 2018-Present
Member of the Student and Alumni Awards Committee - 2017-Present

PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS

International Literacy Association (ILA)

Literacy Research Association (LRA)

International Society for Language Studies (ISLS)

Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL)

American Educational Research Association (AERA)

American Association of Applied Linguistics (AAAL)