Course Descriptions

BMED 100 - Intro to Biomed Engineering
This course introduces the academic discipline of biomedical engineering using software tools that emphasize design, measurment, and analysis. Various software tools and hardware will be used to explore aspects of science and engineering that will be used and developed later in the undergraduate curriculum. Students will gain experience with PIC microprocessors and hardware interfacing, instrumentation control, and solid modeling with Fusion 360. This course is project oriented with application for measurement and testing biological media.

BMED 110 - Intro to Programming for Engineers
This course introduces software tools and scientific programming techniques so that the student may make use of the powerful computing environments now commonly available. The course uses Matlab for study of scientific computation. Matlab is used to show programming methods, as well as to introduce numerical techniques. The objective is directed towards scientific programs for solutions of engineering equations, analysis of data, and simulation of physical phenomena. Software design includes mastering flow control, conditional statements, input and output, two and three dimensional graphics, and data structures. Additionally, the student will apply these software constructs to solve problems in statistics, imaging, and problems in biomedical engineering.

BMED 201 - Biomed Electronics & Instrumentation I
This course covers basic analog and digital electronics and laboratory instrumentation with medical device design in mind. This course will include the theory and applications of passive and active analog and digital circuits with devices, such as; Basic RLCs, BJTs, MOSFETs, Diodes, the Zener Diode, Operational Amplifiers, Voltage Comparators, Logic ICs, LEDs, the Piezo Element Speaker, Potentiometers, Switches, the Temperature Sensor, the Relay, the Photo-Resistor, the DC Motor and the DC Servo Motor, along with basic Electronic Instrumentation. Also included in this course are DC, Transient and AC Sinusoidal circuit analysis, using Thevenin and Norton equivalency, the Final Value Theorem and Complex Variables. Additionally, this course will examine various Signal Conditioning Interface circuits, which are commonly used in microcontroller applications. This course will also include experiments with the Arduino/Atmel Microcontroller, using the above-mentioned devices and C-Code programming, using the Arduino C-Code Compiler.

BMED 202 - Biomed Electronics & Instrumentation II
Using BMED-201 as a foundation, this course will focus on a larger scale integration of electronics and electronic laboratory instrumentation, using the PIC Microcontroller. The student will learn the basics of the PIC Microcontroller by programming it with Assembly Code, C-Code and PIC-Basic Pro Code. The student will gain a larger understanding of various Analog and Digital Interface circuits, Signal Conditioning Circuits and General Data Acquisition Circuits, using Basic RLCs, BJTs, MOSFETs, Diodes, Zener Diodes, Operational Amplifiers, Voltage Comparators, Logic ICs, LEDs, the Crystal, the Text Liquid Crystal Display (TLCD), the IR-LED, the IR-Photo-Transistor, a Speaker, a Voltage Regulator, a 4-Phase Stepper-Motor, a Brushless DC-Fan Motor and a Relay, along with the PIC Microcontroller. All of the above will be presented with medical device design in mind.

BMED 210 - Thermodynamics
Application of principles drawn from thermodynamics are critical in the design of biomedically-relevant devices. This course covers the laws of Thermodynamics and provides tools for working relevant engineering problems in energy and material conservation. This course makes use of Matlab software.

BMED 220 - Introduction to Biomaterials
Biomaterials are increasingly found in medical applications. This course covers basic concepts of biomaterials by studying mechanical and biological properties of soft and hard materials used in medical science and medicine. The surface chemistry approach will be taken in this course with regard to understanding, analyzing, and using biomaterials. 

BMED 310 - Biomedical Signals and Systems
This course provides a rigorous coverage of signal and systems with applications in biomedical engineering. Basic concepts, such as continuous and discrete time systems, Fourier and Laplace transforms and their discrete counterparts, are explored. Problems are motivated by biomedical signal and image processing, as well as in other linear systems encountered in biomedical engineering. Students will use Matlab and Simulink. 

BMED 320 - Biofluid Mechanics
This course covers fluid statics and dynamics, with particular emphasis on systems encountered in biomedical engineering. Not only are fluid systems found in the human body covered, such as blood flow, but engineering systems, such as microfluidic devices, are explored too. 

BMED 430/530 - Engineering Computation
This course introduces mathematical and computational techniques that are relevant for describing and modeling physical processes encountered in biomedical engineering. Topics will include ordinary and partial differential equations, matrix methods including the singular value decomposition, and integral transforms, such as Fourier and Wavelet. Mathematical methods will be introduced within the context of current problems in biomedical engineering. For instance, numerical solutions to the diffusion equation will be developed during study of heat conduction in tissue. Similarly, edge enhancement techniques using the wavelet transform will be shown in medical images. This course makes extensive use of Matlab. 

BMED 431/531 - Engineering Computation II 
This course covers applications of linear algebra and differential equations relevant to biomedical engineering. Topics covered include the singular value decomposition, partial differential equations, integral transforms, and statistical methods.

BMED 440W - Biomedical Engineering Capstone I
The capstone is the culmination of the educational process in biomedical engineering. In this phase, a problem in biomedical engineering is studied by a student team, and the team provides an engineering solution. This solution will often be a medical device. Students perform deterministic and statistical studies of the problem and design the solution. Prototype construction will begin during this phase of the project. Students will spend a minimum of 6 hours a week conducting lab research, working towards a prototype design.

BMED 441W - Biomedical Engineering Capstone II
The second semester of the capstone experience continues with prototype design and construction. Subsequently, students will perform testing of the solution and provide an engineering and economic analysis of the solution. Students present the solution at the end of the semester in the form of a presentation slide deck and pitch, as if presenting to potential investors. Students will spend a minimum of 6 hours a week working on prototype design and construction.

BMED 443W/543W- Biomaterials & Characterization Methods 
This course will cover the standard characterization methods used on various biomaterials such as engineered heart valves typically encountered by biomedical engineers in the field. The course will cover theory, use, and limitations of various characterization methods such as electron microscopy, spectroscopy, optical imaging, and other typical characterization methods. Students will gain hands on use for various instruments and will learn the practical applications and limitations of real characterization devices for biomaterials.

BMED 444/544- Introduction to Biomedical Imaging 
This course provides a comprehensive introduction to modern biomedical imaging modalities that are currently employed in both biomedical research and clinical medicine. Imaging modalities covered in this course include optical imaging, X-ray radiography, computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, nuclear medicine (SPECT and PET), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The main objective is to offer students a solid understanding of each imaging modality through lectures and assignments. For each imaging modality, we will focus on basic physics, image formation and reconstruction, imaging hardware, and applications. Image analysis and signal processing methods will also be briefly introduced.

BMED 445/545- Biomed PIC Microcontroller Projects
This course is designed for the student to learn how to interface a Heart Rate Sensor, a Hydrogen Sensor, an Alcohol Sensor, a Carbon Monoxide Sensor, an Altitude Sensor, and a Pressure Sensor to a Microcontroller. Then, display the results on a Liquid Crystal Display and store the results on a Multimedia SD Card.

BMED 446/546- Biomed Medical Device Design Considerations
This course is designed to challenge the student to write CCS C-Code for the PIC Microcontroller and a Smart-GLCD (Smart Graphical Liquid Crystal Display), to create a project related to Bio-Medical Engineering. The student should use any hardware and software learned in their previous course work, along with any other material, to produce a medical device project. A linear and a switching power supply tutorial and a schematic capture and printed circuit card layout software tutorial are presented at the beginning of this course. These tutorials will empower the student to design their project. The student will also learn the fundamental requirements of world-wide government agencies, regarding the approval to market a medical device. Lectures on radiated and conducted electromagnetic interference (EMI) suppression techniques and safety for medical products and their power supplies are also presented. The student will find that success in this course will be greatly enhanced by scheduling the elective course ""Biomed Advanced PIC Microcontroller Projects with C-code"", (BMED 445, BMED 545), in a previous semester.

BMED 447/547 - Intro to Bio-Image Analytics 
Introduction to Bio-Image Analytics provides an overview of a wide range of applications of imaging data, including fundamental methods for quantitative analysis of biological image data, deriving quantitative biomarkers of disease or disease progression, image rendering / visualization for surgical planning and real-time interventional guidance. These applications will be studied with a focus on the fundamental medical image processing techniques underpinning them viz. image filtering (i.e. convolution, smoothing, de-noising, etc.), image segmentation and image as well as point-cloud registration techniques. Fundamentals of statistical data analysis (i.e. T-tests, P-values, concepts of statistical significance, etc.) and machine learning based classification will be introduced from the standpoint of establishing the clinical relevance of several imaging based biomarkers of disease. Programmatic implementation of simple to complex image processing pipelines will be learned from the standpoint of contextual examples and case studies, through in-class tutorials and assignments.

BMED 448/548- Introduction to Tissue Engineering
The principles and practice of tissue engineering will be the focus of this course. Topics include strategies for employing selected cells, biomaterial scaffolds, soluble regulators of gene expression, role of stem cells, and mechanical loading and culture conditions, Tissue fabrication techniques as well as the role of bioreactors in tissue development will be explored. Students will investigate using current literature the application of tissue engineering to specific organs.

BMED 449/549 - Biomedical Optics
This course covers theoretical foundations of biomedical optics, including light-tissue interactions and optical imaging and sensing methods. Emphasis will be placed on skin optics and photoacoustic phenomena. Students will perform computational modeling, including Monte Carlo simulations of photon transport in turbid media.

BMED 451W/551W - Biomed Microdevices I
This introductory course will cover fundamentals of micro/nanotechnology and its applications in biomedical sciences. The course will provide rationale for utilizing micro/nanotechnology for biomedical applications including scaling laws. Basic microfabrication methods and design principles of microfluidics, lab-on-a-chip and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) used in biology and medicine will be presented. Students will gain a broad perspective on applied research and commercial applications of biomedical microsystems.

BMED 452/552 - Biomed Microdevices II
This is an advanced course in the interdisciplinary field of biomedical microdevices. This course will build upon a fundamental understanding of the principles of micro- and nanoscale system design to explore state-of-the-art applications of biomedical microdevices. Students will learn about the cutting-edge micro/nanofabrication techniques and its most recent applications in biomedical sciences through in depth analysis of recent publications.

BMED 453/553 - Mathematical Modeling in Cell & Tissue Engineering
This course addresses dynamic mathematical models of biochemical and genetic networks. Emphasis on how modeling can enhance understanding of cell phenomena. Topics include chemical reaction networks, biochemical kinetics, signal transduction pathways with emphasis on receptor-mediated phenomena, metabolic networks, and gene regulatory networks. Students will use current literature and programming to investigate specific models and their predictive power for biological and tissue engineering applications.

BMED 455/555 - Biomechanics & the Behavior of Living Tissue
This course develops the fundamental principles relating force and deformation in solid and viscoelastic materials. The essential topics are stress and strain, which are applied to understand the behavior of structures and tissues in the human body.

BMED 550 - Environmental Adaptations & Rehabilitation Technology 
Assessment and modification of the physical environment to enhance occupational performance including computer resources, assistive technology, home health, environmental controls, and environmental accessibility.

BMED 490 - Research in Biomedical Engineering
This course is for research experience that includes engineering design and problem solving in a biomedical engineering context.

BMED 491 - Internship
This course is for external internships that cover design and engineering principles in biomedical and biotechnology settings. This course will be supervised by a BME faculty member.

BMED 492 - Independent Study
With the guidance of a faculty member, a student within the Biomedical Engineering Program may pursue an in-depth study of a subject area in an area of interest related to their professional goals.