Course Descriptions

BMED 100 - Intro to Biomed Engineering
This course introduces the academic discipline of biomedical engineering using software tools that emphasize design, measurment, and analysis. Various software tools and hardware will be used to explore aspects of science and engineering that will be used and developed later in the undergraduate curriculum. Students will gain experience with PIC microprocessors and hardware interfacing, instrumentation control, and solid modeling with Fusion 360. This course is project oriented with application for measurement and testing biological media.

BMED 110 - Intro to Programming for Engineers
This course introduces software tools and scientific programming techniques so that the student may make use of the powerful computing environments now commonly available. The course uses Matlab for study of scientific computation. Matlab is used to show programming methods, as well as to introduce numerical techniques. The objective is directed towards scientific programs for solutions of engineering equations, analysis of data, and simulation of physical phenomena. Software design includes mastering flow control, conditional statements, input and output, two and three dimensional graphics, and data structures. Additionally, the student will apply these software constructs to solve problems in statistics, imaging, and problems in biomedical engineering.

BMED 201 - Biomed Electronics & Instrumentation I
This course covers basic analog and digital electronics and laboratory instrumentation with medical device design in mind. This course will include the theory and applications of passive and active analog and digital circuits with devices, such as; Basic RLCs, BJTs, MOSFETs, Diodes, the Zener Diode, Operational Amplifiers, Voltage Comparators, Logic ICs, LEDs, the Piezo Element Speaker, Potentiometers, Switches, the Temperature Sensor, the Relay, the Photo-Resistor, the DC Motor and the DC Servo Motor, along with basic Electronic Instrumentation. Also included in this course are DC, Transient and AC Sinusoidal circuit analysis, using Thevenin and Norton equivalency, the Final Value Theorem and Complex Variables. Additionally, this course will examine various Signal Conditioning Interface circuits, which are commonly used in microcontroller applications. This course will also include experiments with the Arduino/Atmel Microcontroller, using the above-mentioned devices and C-Code programming, using the Arduino C-Code Compiler.

BMED 202 - Biomed Electronics & Instrumentation II
Using BMED-201 as a foundation, this course will focus on a larger scale integration of electronics and electronic laboratory instrumentation, using the PIC Microcontroller. The student will learn the basics of the PIC Microcontroller by programming it with Assembly Code, C-Code and PIC-Basic Pro Code. The student will gain a larger understanding of various Analog and Digital Interface circuits, Signal Conditioning Circuits and General Data Acquisition Circuits, using Basic RLCs, BJTs, MOSFETs, Diodes, Zener Diodes, Operational Amplifiers, Voltage Comparators, Logic ICs, LEDs, the Crystal, the Text Liquid Crystal Display (TLCD), the IR-LED, the IR-Photo-Transistor, a Speaker, a Voltage Regulator, a 4-Phase Stepper-Motor, a Brushless DC-Fan Motor and a Relay, along with the PIC Microcontroller. All of the above will be presented with medical device design in mind.

BMED 210 - Thermodynamics
Application of principles drawn from thermodynamics are critical in the design of biomedically-relevant devices. This course covers the laws of Thermodynamics and provides tools for working relevant engineering problems in energy and material conservation. This course makes use of Matlab software.

BMED 220 - Introduction to Biomaterials
Biomaterials are increasingly found in medical applications. This course covers basic concepts of biomaterials by studying mechanical and biological properties of soft and hard materials used in medical science and medicine. The surface chemistry approach will be taken in this course with regard to understanding, analyzing, and using biomaterials. 

BMED 310 - Biomedical Signals and Systems
This course provides a rigorous coverage of signal and systems with applications in biomedical engineering. Basic concepts, such as continuous and discrete time systems, Fourier and Laplace transforms and their discrete counterparts, are explored. Problems are motivated by biomedical signal and image processing, as well as in other linear systems encountered in biomedical engineering. Students will use Matlab and Simulink. 

BMED 320 - Biofluid Mechanics
This course covers fluid statics and dynamics, with particular emphasis on systems encountered in biomedical engineering. Not only are fluid systems found in the human body covered, such as blood flow, but engineering systems, such as microfluidic devices, are explored too. 

BMED 430/530 - Engineering Computation
This course introduces mathematical and computational techniques that are relevant for describing and modeling physical processes encountered in biomedical engineering. Topics will include ordinary and partial differential equations, matrix methods including the singular value decomposition, and integral transforms, such as Fourier and Wavelet. Mathematical methods will be introduced within the context of current problems in biomedical engineering. For instance, numerical solutions to the diffusion equation will be developed during study of heat conduction in tissue. Similarly, edge enhancement techniques using the wavelet transform will be shown in medical images. This course makes extensive use of Matlab. 

BMED 431/531 - Engineering Computation II 
This course focuses on utilizing computational methods to solve engineering problems, which often can't be solved analytically. The goal of this course is to provide students a comprehensive understanding of a variety of computational methods and algorithms. Those methods will be introduced in the context of engineering examples, and implemented in MATLAB. Advanced MATLAB programming techniques will be introduced to solve complex engineering problems. Topics of this course includes: errors, roots and optimization, curve fitting, integration, and differentiation. Advanced topics may also be introduced.

BMED 440W - Biomedical Engineering Capstone I
The capstone is the culmination of the educational process in biomedical engineering. In this phase, a problem in biomedical engineering is studied by a student team, and the team provides an engineering solution. This solution will often be a medical device. Students perform deterministic and statistical studies of the problem and design the solution. Prototype construction will begin during this phase of the project. Students will spend a minimum of 6 hours a week conducting lab research, working towards a prototype design.

BMED 441W - Biomedical Engineering Capstone II
The second semester of the capstone experience continues with prototype design and construction. Subsequently, students will perform testing of the solution and provide an engineering and economic analysis of the solution. Students present the solution at the end of the semester in the form of a presentation slide deck and pitch, as if presenting to potential investors. Students will spend a minimum of 6 hours a week working on prototype design and construction.

BMED 444/544- Introduction to Biomedical Imaging 
This course provides a comprehensive introduction to modern biomedical imaging modalities that are currently employed in both biomedical research and clinical medicine. Imaging modalities covered in this course include optical imaging, X-ray radiography, computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, nuclear medicine (SPECT and PET), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The main objective is to offer students a solid understanding of each imaging modality through lectures and assignments. For each imaging modality, we will focus on basic physics, image formation and reconstruction, imaging hardware, and applications. Image analysis and signal processing methods will also be briefly introduced.

BMED 448/548- Introduction to Tissue Engineering
The principles and practice of tissue engineering will be the focus of this course. Topics include strategies for employing selected cells, biomaterial scaffolds, soluble regulators of gene expression, role of stem cells, and mechanical loading and culture conditions, Tissue fabrication techniques as well as the role of bioreactors in tissue development will be explored. Students will investigate using current literature the application of tissue engineering to specific organs.

BMED 449/549 - Biomedical Optics
This course covers theoretical foundations of biomedical optics, including light-tissue interactions and optical imaging and sensing methods. Emphasis will be placed on skin optics and photoacoustic phenomena. Students will perform computational modeling, including Monte Carlo simulations of photon transport in turbid media.

BMED 451W/551W - Biomed Microdevices I
This introductory course will cover fundamentals of micro/nanotechnology and its applications in biomedical sciences. The course will provide rationale for utilizing micro/nanotechnology for biomedical applications including scaling laws. Basic microfabrication methods and design principles of microfluidics, lab-on-a-chip and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) used in biology and medicine will be presented. Students will gain a broad perspective on applied research and commercial applications of biomedical microsystems.

BMED 452/552 - Biomed Microdevices II
This is an advanced course in the interdisciplinary field of biomedical microdevices. This course will build upon a fundamental understanding of the principles of micro- and nanoscale system design to explore state-of-the-art applications of biomedical microdevices. Students will learn about the cutting-edge micro/nanofabrication techniques and its most recent applications in biomedical sciences through in depth analysis of recent publications.

BMED 453/553 - Mathematical Modeling in Cell & Tissue Engineering
This course addresses dynamic mathematical models of biochemical and genetic networks. Emphasis on how modeling can enhance understanding of cell phenomena. Topics include chemical reaction networks, biochemical kinetics, signal transduction pathways with emphasis on receptor-mediated phenomena, metabolic networks, and gene regulatory networks. Students will use current literature and programming to investigate specific models and their predictive power for biological and tissue engineering applications.

BMED 456/556 - Digital Image Processing Using MATLAB
Digital image processing is an indispensable component in biomedical research and imaging. The goal of this course is to provide students a solid understanding of a variety of image processing techniques and their implementations with a focus on biomedical applications. Image processing methods will be introduced primarily using MATLAB. Other image processing software, such as ImageJ and GIMP, will also be briefly introduced. Knowing multiple image processing platforms offers students the freedom to choose the most appropriate one to tackle specific image processing tasks. Topics of this course include: image filtering in spatial- and frequency-domain, image restoration and reconstruction, image transformation and registration, color image processing, and morphological image processing.

BMED 457/557 - FDA Approval Process for Medical Devices
Currently, the global medical device industry is valued at over $450B, with a CAGR anticipated to be greater than 4%. In 2020 alone, the US FDA approved or cleared more than 600 newly developed or modified medical and diagnostic devices for use. Today's challenge is not only in gathering relevant regulatory information, but also in knowing how to interpret and apply it. This course provides an overview of FDA and select international regulations associated with medical devices, and those requirements to be followed when submitting one for approval or clearance. Examples of topic areas include: The Structure of the FDA and global approval agencies, Framework of regulatory approvals, Classification of medical devices for approval, Relevant US and international test methodologies, Guidance for conducting clinical trials, Good manufacturing practices and quality systems to be adopted, and Surveillance of medical devices. Individuals engaged in the development of medical devices and diagnostic tools, as well as those in healthcare studies wishing to learn more about their evaluation and approval, would benefit from information discussed in this course.

BMED 550 - Environmental Adaptations & Rehabilitation Technology 
Assessment and modification of the physical environment to enhance occupational performance including computer resources, assistive technology, home health, environmental controls, and environmental accessibility.

BMED 490 - Research in Biomedical Engineering
This course is for research experience that includes engineering design and problem solving in a biomedical engineering context.

BMED 491 - Internship
This course is for external internships that cover design and engineering principles in biomedical and biotechnology settings. This course will be supervised by a BME faculty member.

BMED 492 - Independent Study
With the guidance of a faculty member, a student within the Biomedical Engineering Program may pursue an in-depth study of a subject area in an area of interest related to their professional goals.