Bar-Track Curriculum

The Bar-Track Curriculum provides foreign-trained lawyers with the foundations for practicing law in the United States. LL.M. students in this program gain grounding in the basic principles of American law in a curriculum of 25 credits designed to meet the requirements for foreign-trained lawyers to sit for the bar examinations in New York or California.

In certain limited circumstances, foreign lawyers who have practiced for five of the last eight years, and who meet other requirements, may sit for the Pennsylvania bar exam.

The total credits required for the Bar-Track Curriculum must be successfully completed within one calendar year of matriculation.

Core Courses

The Bar Track Curriculum requires that students take and pass the following core courses in the semester listed in the chart below:

Fall Semester Credit Hours
Legal Research, Writing & Analysis I 1 credit
Introduction to the American Legal System 2 credits
Professional Responsibility 3 credits
Core Competencies for Legal Practice I 2 credits
Constututional Law I 3 credits
Property I 3 credits
Contracts I 3 credits
Spring Semester Credit Hours
Legal Research, Writing & Analysis II 2 credits
Core Competencies for Legal Practice II       2 credits
Constitutional Law II 3 credits
Property II 3 credits      
Contracts II 3 credits

Elective Courses

In addition to the core courses, candidates may take up to two electives in courses offered by the School of Law, with specific exceptions. 

It is strongly recommended that students on the Bar Track take electives in subjects that are tested on the bar examination, including Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Civil Procedure, Sales and Corporations.


Examinations of LL.M. candidates on the Bar Track will be the same exams as, and will be subject to the same standards and grading scale, as J.D. candidates. There is no extra exam time. 

Please note that Duquesne University School of Law strictly adheres to a policy of non-discrimination and will make reasonable accommodations for students as required by law.


Successful candidates in the Bar-Track Curriculum will receive the LL.M. degree with honors.


Please review full curriculum for the LL.M. for Foreign Lawyers degree and contact us today with your questions.