Concentrations

Optional concentrations allow students to pursue a focused curriculum that corresponds to their particular areas of interest in the law.  Students who have or develop a strong interest in practicing in a particular field may decide to concentrate. Students who want to take as broad a curriculum as possible may decide not to select a concentration. Concentrations are not required to receive the J.D. degree.  Concentration advisement corresponds to faculty specialization and depth within areas of the curriculum.

By providing students with an opportunity to focus on various areas of practice, the Program plays a role in achieving the School of Law's learning outcomes, which focus on developing student knowledge, skills, and professional identity. The Concentration Program's framework also organizes the majority of the School of Law's course offerings in a way that makes the curriculum accessible to students.

Each Concentration has multiple tracks, as follows:

Business Law

General Practice

Government

Litigation

Procedures

Students are not required to complete a concentration in order to graduate.  Students who are interested in pursuing a concentration have the option of completing a Concentration Track, or a General Concentration, by following the procedures set forth below.

  1. A student who desires to complete one or more Concentration Track(s) must comply with the following requirements for each Track:
    1. The student must complete a Concentration Intent Form, which is available on the Law School Registrar’s website, and return it to the Registrar’s office no later than the end of the semester preceding the semester in which a student graduates. In most cases, this will be the Fall semester of a student’s final year of study.
    2. To have a Concentration Track verified, a student must complete the following steps:
      1. Submit a Concentration Intent Form to the Registrar in a timely manner;
      2. Complete no less than four elective courses included in a Concentration Track, including any course(s) that are required for the Track; 
      3. Receive a grade of “C” or better in each of the four courses; and
      4. Submit a completed Concentration Verification Form for review and approval to the faculty advisor for the Concentration Track.
    3. After approving the Concentration Verification Form, the faculty advisor will forward it to the Registrar. Upon receipt of a completed Concentration Verification Form, the Registrar will complete a final review.  If all requirements are met, the student will receive a letter indicating that the concentration was awarded.  Concentrations are not noted on academic transcripts.
  2. A student who is not able to complete a Concentration Track due to scheduling conflicts, or for other reasons, may complete a General Concentration in any of the four Concentration areas. A student who desires to complete a General Concentration must comply with the following requirements:
    1. The student must complete a Concentration Intent Form, which is available on the Law School Registrar’s website, and return it to the Registrar’s office no later than the end of the semester preceding the semester in which a student graduates. In most cases, this will be the Fall semester of a student’s final year of study.
    2. To have a General Concentration verified, a student must complete the following steps:
      1. Submit a Concentration Intent Form to the Registrar in a timely manner;
      2. Complete no less than four elective courses included in one of the School of Law’s four Concentrations (Business, General Practice, Government, or Litigation).  At least one of the four courses must be listed as a required course in one of the Concentration’s Tracks;
      3. Receive a grade of “C” or better in each of the four courses; and
      4. Submit a completed Concentration Verification Form to the faculty advisor for the Concentration Track in which the student’s required course is listed. After approving the Concentration Verification Form, the faculty advisor will forward it to the Registrar.  Upon receipt of a completed Concentration Verification Form, the Registrar will make a notation of the General Concentration on the student’s transcript, including the area of concentration.
  3. A student may count an unlisted course toward a Concentration Track if the student obtains the written approval of the faculty advisor for the Concentration Track. The student should maintain a copy of the approval, and attach it to the Concentration Verification Form before submitting it to the faculty advisor.