DNAP Year 2 Course Descriptions

Allegheny School of Anesthesia Courses

GPNA 803 Basic Principles of Anesthesia III - 3 credits

This course is the last section of Basic Principles of Anesthesia that integrates monitoring technology into two specialized areas of anesthesia practice, peripheral nerve blocks and cardiothoracic surgical procedures. Opportunities for direct observation of modern cardiothoracic surgical procedures are incorporated into this course. Pre-requisites: Completion of GPNA 802.

GPNA 806 Clinical Practicum III - 0 credits

Clinical practicums I-VIII facilitate the SRNA's incorporation of evidence-based theory into clinical anesthesia practice. Students will be required to design patient-specific care plans addressing pre-anesthetic preparation, intra-anesthetic management and postoperative evaluation of patients undergoing a variety of surgical procedures. While in the clinical area, SRNAs will be supervised and evaluated by CRNAs and/or anesthesiologists with staff privileges based on specific criteria outlined in the clinical evaluation tool. SRNAs will be required to record their clinical time and case types in order to fulfill the mandatory clinical requirements established by the Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs.

GPNA 807 Clinical Practicum IV - 0 credits

Clinical practicums I-VIII facilitate the SRNA's incorporation of evidence-based theory into clinical anesthesia practice. Students will be required to design patient-specific care plans addressing pre-anesthetic preparation, intra-anesthetic management and postoperative evaluation of patients undergoing a variety of surgical procedures. While in the clinical area, SRNAs will be supervised and evaluated by CRNAs and/or anesthesiologists with staff privileges based on specific criteria outlined in the clinical evaluation tool. SRNAs will be required to record their clinical time and case types in order to fulfill the mandatory clinical requirements established by the Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs.

GPNA 808 Clinical Practicum V - 0 credits

Clinical practicums I-VIII facilitate the SRNA's incorporation of evidence-based theory into clinical anesthesia practice. Students will be required to design patient-specific care plans addressing pre-anesthetic preparation, intra-anesthetic management and postoperative evaluation of patients undergoing a variety of surgical procedures. While in the clinical area, SRNAs will be supervised and evaluated by CRNAs and/or anesthesiologists with staff privileges based on specific criteria outlined in the clinical evaluation tool. SRNAs will be required to record their clinical time and case types in order to fulfill the mandatory clinical requirements established by the Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs.

GPNA 812 Advanced Principles of Anesthesia I - 3 credits

This course examines the specific anesthesia techniques utilized for surgery across the life span involving neonatal, pediatric, obstetric and geriatric patient populations. Patient safety concerns will be covered in this course and will include the use of intraoperative lasers, diagnostic radiological equipment and potential fire risks that exist within the operating room environment. Mechanisms of intraoperative heat loss will be examined, and pathophysiology of malignant hyperthermia will be addressed to allow for early recognition. Student-led conferences will be incorporated throughout this course based on evidence-based guidelines. Examples of topics include pediatric anomalies, obstetric procedures and intrauterine fetal surgery. Pre-requisites: Completion of GPNA 803.

GPNA 813 Advanced Principles of Anesthesia II - 3 credits

This course examines the physiology and pathophysiology specific to bariatric, ear, nose and throat (ENT), neurosurgery, hepatobiliary and renal systems. Disease processes of each physiological system will be discussed along with their anesthetic management and are incorporated into this course. Pre-requisites: Completion of GPNA 812.

John G. Rangos, Sr. School of Health Sciences Courses

HLTS 901 Integration of Biochemistry & Physics Into Clinical Practice - 4 credits

TThis course highlights the principles of biochemistry and physics as they relate to the practice of administering anesthesia. Organic compounds, including amino and nucleic acids, and their interactions will be reviewed along with the regulation of major metabolic pathways. The study of fluids, gas laws, forces, acid/base balance, electrical circuits and radiation will prepare the SRNA for clinical practice. This course is essential in preparation for subsequent pharmacologic instruction including the metabolism and excretion of medications in clinical practice.

PHYA 903 Diagnostic & Therapeutic Imaging for the CRNA - 1 credit

This course provides a foundation for diagnostic and therapeutic radiology. Diagnostic instruction on interpretation of radiographs in a variety of methods including theory, rationale, images and interpretation. Radiographic anatomy and positioning of the extremities, chest, abdomen, pelvis, vertebral column and routine fluoroscopic procedures will be stressed. Therapeutic instruction on the use of ultrasound-guided techniques for administration of peripheral nerve blocks will be included. Pre-requisites: Completion of HLTS 321.

School of Nursing Courses

GPNG 528 Physical Assessment for Advanced Nursing Practice - 3 credits

This course focuses on theories of physical assessment across the life span. Theoretical frameworks from nursing and other disciplines will be used to develop a patient database in primary health care practice settings. This course will introduce Family Theory as a critical foundation for effective communication and care delivery. Concepts of the synergy model that address patient resiliency, vulnerability and stability will be incorporated throughout the course. Pre-requisits: Completion of GPNG 529.

GPNG 530 Advanced Pharmacology I - 3 credits

A foundation for the application of pharmacology relevant to advanced nursing practice is provided throughout this course. The process involving medication selection by advanced practice nurses for various diseases states and patient populations is discussed, as well as considerations pertaining to potential risks and benefits associated with pharmacotherapy. Expected adverse effects, monitoring parameters, and drug interactions for specific medications and medication classes will be reviewed.

GPNS 937 Ethical Leadership in Complex Organizations - 3 credits

This course focuses on the knowledge and skills required to excel in the ethical leadership of organizations and groups in the transformation of educational and health care environments. Focus areas will include values and ethics, professional accountability, human resource utilization, legal issues, effective communication skills, effective management of teams and groups, conflict management and resolution, and health care advocacy.

GPNS 957 Evidence-Based Practice I - 3 credits

This course provides an emphasis on a scholarly approach to problem solving based on critical appraisal, synthesis and application of research evidence. An evidence-based practice paradigm will be used to assist the student in learning to evaluate, implement and disseminate best research evidence into practice. This knowledge will be applied through analysis and synthesis of evidence that may be used to systematically address important practice and/or health policy problems for populations of patients, communities and clinicians working in diverse interdisciplinary teams. The use of theory and research from the perspective of clinical nursing and other disciplines is emphasized as the foundation for effecting change in nursing and healthcare. Finally, dissemination of clinical practice scholarship will be discussed as a critical element of DNP practice.

GPNS 959 Change Management & Project Analysis - 3 credits

This course provides a background in analysis and evaluation of program outcomes within health care settings. Emphasis will be placed on the role of the DNP in developing and leading clinical quality and safety initiatives through the identification of appropriate measurement strategies and evaluation instruments when evaluating program and measuring practice change. Pre-requisites: Completion of GPNS 957.

GPNS 962 Advanced Pharmacology II - 3 credits

The focus of this course is on the pharmacology of medications used in clinical anesthesia practice. Major content will include the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of general anesthetic agents, analgesics, opioids, muscle relaxants, local anesthetics and adjuvant agents used in anesthesia. Emphasis is on uptake, distribution, metabolism, excretion and elimination of anesthetics. Drug dosage, side effects, and usual effects of anesthetic agents on various body systems will also be presented, along with fluid and electrolyte balance. The course incorporates gas laws and principles of flow in delivering inhalation anesthetic agents. Pharmacogenomics and the importance of safety, individual patient variations, age, cultural context, and current evidence-based practice principles will be emphasized when considering the use of various pharmacologic therapies in the treatment of individual patients. Pre-requisites: Completion of GPNG 530.

GPNS 963 Genetics & Genomics for the CRNA - 2 credits

This 2-credit online course will focus on perioperative genomics and the underlying genetic and epigenetic variability that influences a person's response to anesthesia and surgery. This course will cover topics on the role of genetic and epigenetic variables along with patient risk assessment, disease characterization and outcome prediction. Additionally, the basics of pharmacogenomics will be introduced and applied to specific medications and conditions.