DNAP Year 1 Course Descriptions

Allegheny School of Anesthesia Courses

GPNA 801 Basic Principles of Anesthesia I - 3 credits

This course presents an introduction to anesthesia practice and techniques. It includes topics which are essential foundations from which to build upon as the Student Registered Nurse (SRNA) progresses throughout the anesthesia program. Anesthesia terminology and techniques, medical math, airway anatomy and pathophysiology, assessment and management, preoperative and intraoperative patient evaluation, anesthesia pharmacology, proper preparation and troubleshooting of anesthesia equipment, and patient positioning are the main foci of this course.

GPNA 802 Basic Principles of Anesthesia II - 3 credits

This course is a continuation of the Basic Principles of Anesthesia I course and includes chemical dependency and wellness among anesthesia providers and opioid-sparing techniques, including local anesthetics and neuraxial blocks. Fluid and electrolyte and acid-base disturbances are also covered. This course examines the relationship of these topics to monitoring in the OR and post-anesthesia care unit. Student comorbidity and monitoring presentations are included in this course. Pre-requisites: Completion of GPNA 801.

GPNA 803 Basic Principles of Anesthesia III - 3 credits

This course is the last section of Basic Principles of Anesthesia that integrates monitoring technology into two specialized areas of anesthesia practice, peripheral nerve blocks and cardiothoracic surgical procedures. Opportunities for direct observation of modern cardiothoracic surgical procedures are incorporated into this course. Pre-requisites: Completion of GPNA 802.

GPNA 804 Clinical Practicum I - 0 credits

Clinical practicums I-VIII facilitate the SRNA's incorporation of evidence-based theory into clinical anesthesia practice. Students will be required to design patient-specific care plans addressing pre-anesthetic preparation, intra-anesthetic management and postoperative evaluation of patients undergoing a variety of surgical procedures. While in the clinical area, SRNAs will be supervised and evaluated by CRNAs and/or anesthesiologists with staff privileges based on specific criteria outlined in the clinical evaluation tool. SRNAs will be required to record their clinical time and case types in order to fulfil the mandatory clinical requirements established by the Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs.

GPNA 805 Clinical Practicum II - 0 credits

Clinical practicums I-VIII facilitate the SRNA's incorporation of evidence-based theory into clinical anesthesia practice. Students will be required to design patient-specific care plans addressing pre-anesthetic preparation, intra-anesthetic management and postoperative evaluation of patients undergoing a variety of surgical procedures. While in the clinical area, SRNAs will be supervised and evaluated by CRNAs and/or anesthesiologists with staff privileges based on specific criteria outlined in the clinical evaluation tool. SRNAs will be required to record their clinical time and case types in order to fulfill the mandatory clinical requirements established by the Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs.

John G. Rangos, Sr. School of Health Sciences Courses

HLTS 517 Anatomy I for the CRNA - 2 credits

This course is designed to aid the SRNA in the application of the human gross anatomy. Both the classroom and virtual components will be part of learning. The course provides a focus on the relationship between structures and systems in the human body. The course is structured to study the human body in a regional approach, while emphasizing the relationship between form and function. Key organ systems will be covered, with emphasis placed on those most relevant to the field of nurse anesthesia. Special emphasis will include the head, neck and airway, followed by multiorgan systems including the nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular and respiratory systems.

HLTS 321 Anatomy II  for the CRNA (lecture & lab) - 4 credits

This course is designed to focus on the regional anatomy of the human: the anterolateral neck, deep back and spine, thoracic cavity and its contents, abdominal wall and inguinal canal, abdominal cavity and its contents, the pelvic cavity and its contents, and the head. In addition to regional gross human anatomy, the course will also cover selected topics in the areas of histology and embryology related to the structures of the selected regions. The course consists of both a lecture and a laboratory component. Lecture sessions will present information pertaining to the gross anatomy, and the organization and relationships of the various structures found in the above listed regions of the body, as well as basic histology and embryology where appropriate. A human cadaver dissection laboratory is a required component of the course. In the dissection lab the student, under the direction of faculty, will dissect and study human cadavers. Efforts will be made to assist course participants to utilize the information presented in both lecture and laboratory sessions to analyze and solve medically/clinically relevant questions. Pre-requisites: Completion of HLTS 517.

PHYA 515 Fundamentals of Surgery for the CRNA - 3 credits

This is a course of general principles and knowledge required to care for patients who will be treated by operative procedures. The instructor will provide the role, responsibilities and duties of the members of the surgical team in detail. The fundamentals of preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative care will be presented. Common complications, both their prevention and management, will be presented. Selected topics will include commonly performed procedures and the interface of surgery with other disciplines. Pre-requisites: Completion of HLTS 517.

PHYA 522 Diagnostic Test Interpretation for the CRNA - 1 credit

In this course, students will incorporate patient cases to interpret the results of common diagnostic tests. Based on the patient presentation and laboratory testing, students will be challenged to propose a plan of care based on the laboratory abnormalities that exist.

School of Nursing Courses

GPNG 524 Evidence-Based Nursing Practice & Policy Development - 3 credits

This course focuses on evidence-based practice (EBP) and policy development by addressing the value of scientific evidence and nursing research in providing high-quality health care that is also culturally-responsive and appropriate. Content focuses on the need for EBP, the research process, high performance inter-professional teams, systematic EBP using the Johns Hopkins Evidence-Based Practice Model, ethical issues, and use of organizational leadership techniques to promote evidence-based practice. The goal of this course is to prepare nurses in advanced practice who are proficient in using a systematic EBP model to identify and address clinical problems with inter-professional teams and collaborations. Additionally, he/she is well- prepared to lead EBP efforts, implementation projects, and make policy recommendations.

GPNG 529 Advanced Pathophysiology - 3 credits

Etiology, pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of disease process will be presented within the framework of the Synergy Model. The interaction between patient vulnerability and patient resiliency will be emphasized in explaining major pathophysiological conditions across the life span. The effects of complexity and predictability on patient outcomes will be highlighted when appropriate. This approach will enhance nurse competencies to assess and evaluate physiological changes, presence or absence of complications, and the extent to which the desired outcome of care and or treatment are attained. Most importantly, this approach will facilitate ongoing learning.

GPNS 907 Health Care Policy & Finance - 3 credits

This course examines contemporary major health issues to determine their relationship to, and impact upon, health policy and financing in the United States and around the world. A major focus is the identification, formulation and legitimation of health policy. Given the unique private/public partnership in American health care delivery and financing, attention is given to public/private financing of health care and its relationship to access, quality and cost.

GPNS 933 Legal Environment for Nursing & Health Care - 3 credits

This course will use a case-based approach to examine the multitude of legal and ethical issues that confront the contemporary nurse leader in their professional nursing role. The course will also address issues confronted by nursing administrators, directors, nurse managers and clinical leaders. The course will begin with an introduction to the legal process and how legal cases are retrieved and cited in the literature. The course will examine such concepts as ‘due process' and how it is operationalized in nursing practice. The role of a health care-based attorney as a consultant in the clinical setting will also be addressed. Using a case-based method, various scenarios will be analyzed within a legal and ethical framework.

GPNS 937 Ethical Leadership in Complex Organizations - 3 credits

This course focuses on the knowledge and skills required to excel in the ethical leadership of organizations and groups in the transformation of educational and health care environments. Focus areas will include values and ethics, professional accountability, human resource utilization, legal issues, effective communication skills, effective management of teams and groups, conflict management and resolution, and health care advocacy.