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Back and Rectum

Expected findings:
  • Intact spine without masses or openings
  • Trunk incurvature reflex
  • Patent anal opening
  • "Wink reflex" present
Signs of potential distress or deviations from expected findings:
  • Limitation of movement
  • Fusion of vertebrae
  • Spina bifida
  • Tuft of hair
  • Imperforate anus
  • Anal fissures
  • Pilonidal cyst