Biology teaches us to ask questions, make observations, evaluate evidence, and solve problems. Biologists learn how living things work, how they interact with one another, and how they evolve.  This work increases our understanding about the natural world in which we live and addresses issues of personal well being and worldwide concern.

Career Paths

There are many careers for biologists who want to combine their scientific training with interests in other fields. Here are some examples:


Biologists apply scientific principles to develop and enhance products, tools, and technological advances in fields such as agriculture, food science, and medicine.

Forensic Science

Forensic biologists work with police departments and other law enforcement agencies using scientific methods to discover and process evidence that can be used to solve crimes.

Politics and policy

Science advisors work with lawmakers to create new legislation on topics such as biomedical research and environmental protection.

Business and industry

Biologists work with drug companies and providers of scientific products and services to research and test new products. They also work in sales, marketing, and public relations positions.


Trained professionals work with the government and other organizations to study and address the economic impacts of biological issues.


Biologists in fields such as bioinformatics and computational biology apply mathematical techniques to solve biological problems, such as modeling ecosystem processes and gene sequencing.

Science writing and communication

Journalists and writers with a science background inform the general public about relevant and emerging biological issues.


Illustrations in biology textbooks, newspapers and magazine science articles, are created by talented artists with a thorough understanding of biology.



  • Pharmaceutical, healthcare, agriculture production, food processing and safety, environmental
  • Private research institutions, independent laboratories, public health departments
  • Federal, state and local government laboratories/agencies
  • Laboratory equipment, medical supplies and prostheses

Colleges and Universities

  • Professional schools:  colleges of pharmacy, dentistry, medicine, veterinary medicine, agriculture


  • Marketing and consulting firms
  • Clinics and hospitals


  • Ask your professors about part-time jobs.  Many professors hire student assistants to help with library, field, and laboratory research and also know professionals in field who can give you career advice.
  • Seek summer internships. Internships are a good way to learn about a career, make contacts, and gain experience in areas of interest.
  • Participate in the undergraduate research program, related clubs, student and professional organizations, and volunteering.
  • Be aware of the current and constant changing advances in the fields of science.