Optional concentrations allow students to pursue a focused curriculum that corresponds to their particular areas of interest in the law. Students who have or develop a strong interest in practicing in a particular field may decide to concentrate. Students who want to take as broad a curriculum as possible may decide not to select a concentration. Concentrations are not required to receive the J.D. degree. Concentration advisement corresponds to faculty specialization and depth within areas of the curriculum.

By providing students with an opportunity to focus on various areas of practice, the Program plays a role in achieving the Thomas R. Kline School of Law of Duquesne University's learning outcomes, which focus on developing student knowledge, skills, and professional identity. The Concentration Program's framework also organizes the majority of the Duquesne Kline School of Law's course offerings in a way that makes the curriculum accessible to students.

Each Concentration has multiple tracks, as follows:

Procedures

Students are not required to complete a concentration in order to graduate. Students who are interested in pursuing a concentration have the option of completing a Concentration Track, or a General Concentration, by following the procedures set forth below.

  1. A student who desires to complete one or more Concentration Track(s) must comply with the following requirements for each Track:
    1. The student must complete a Concentration Intent Form, which is available on the Duquesne Kline Law School Registrar website, and return it to the Registrars office no later than the end of the semester preceding the semester in which a student graduates. In most cases, this will be the Fall semester of a student's final year of study.
    2. To have a Concentration Track verified, a student must complete the following steps:
      1. Submit a Concentration Intent Form to the Registrar in a timely manner;
      2. Complete no less than four elective courses included in a Concentration Track, including any course(s) that are required for the Track;
      3. Receive a grade of "C" or better in each of the four courses; and
      4. Submit a completed Concentration Verification Form for review and approval to the faculty advisor for the Concentration Track.
    3. After approving the Concentration Verification Form, the faculty advisor will forward it to the Registrar. Upon receipt of a completed Concentration Verification Form, the Registrar will complete a final review. If all requirements are met, the student will receive a letter indicating that the concentration was awarded. Concentrations are not noted on academic transcripts.
  2. A student who is not able to complete a Concentration Track due to scheduling conflicts, or for other reasons, may complete a General Concentration in any of the four Concentration areas. A student who desires to complete a General Concentration must comply with the following requirements:
    1. The student must complete a Concentration Intent Form, which is available on the Kline Law School Registrar's website, and return it to the Registrar's office no later than the end of the semester preceding the semester in which a student graduates. In most cases, this will be the Fall semester of a student's final year of study.
    2. To have a General Concentration verified, a student must complete the following steps:
      1. Submit a Concentration Intent Form to the Registrar in a timely manner;
      2. Complete no less than four elective courses included in one of the Duquesne Kline School of Law four Concentrations (Business, General Practice, Government, or Litigation). At least one of the four courses must be listed as a required course in one of the Concentration Tracks;
      3. Receive a grade of "C" or better in each of the four courses; and
      4. Submit a completed Concentration Verification Form to the faculty advisor for the Concentration Track in which the student required course is listed. After approving the Concentration Verification Form, the faculty advisor will forward it to the Registrar. Upon receipt of a completed Concentration Verification Form, the Registrar will make a notation of the General Concentration on the student transcript, including the area of concentration.
  3. A student may count an unlisted course toward a Concentration Track if the student obtains the written approval of the faculty advisor for the Concentration Track. The student should maintain a copy of the approval, and attach it to the Concentration Verification Form before submitting it to the faculty advisor.

Business Law

Business Law Concentration
Concentration Advisors: Professor Seth Oranburg

In addition to completing Contracts I, Contracts II, and Corporations, students wishing to fulfill the Business Law Concentration – Corporate Governance and Transaction Track must complete four (4) additional courses in the upper-level curriculum, as follows:

Required Course(s)
Choose one:

Governance, Compliance & Risk Management
Secured Transactions
Securities Regulation

Elective Courses
Choose three additional courses from below (or required courses above):

Clinics and Externships
Government Externship *
High-credit Externship*
Non-profit Externship*
Summer Intensive General Externship*
Urban Development Practicum*

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Bankruptcy
Business Law Journal
Directed Research*

Other Courses
Accounting for Lawyers
Administrative Law
Banking Law (Inactive)
Basic Federal Income Taxation
Business Planning
Construction Law
Contract Drafting Simulation
Corporate Reorganizations in Bankruptcy
Employee Benefits
Employment Discrimination
Employment Law
Income Taxation of Corporations and Shareholders
International Business Transactions
International Law
Partnership and LLC Taxation
Tax Exempt Organizations

*Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with the faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.
Business Law Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Steven Baicker-McKee

In addition to completing Contracts I, Contracts II, and Corporations, students wishing to fulfill the Business Law Concentration – Energy and Environmental Law Track must complete four (4) additional courses in the upper-level curriculum, as follows:

Required Courses
Energy Law
Environmental Law

Elective Courses
Choose any two additional courses from below:

Clinics and Externships
Government Externship*
High-credit Externship*
Judicial Externship*
Non-profit Externship*
Summer Intensive General Externship*

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Directed Research*
Environmental Justice Seminar

Other Courses
Administrative Law
Climate Change Law
Environmental and Toxic Torts
Environmental Considerations in Business and Real Estate Transactions
Environmental Enforcement, Litigation and Negotiation Skills
Land Use Planning
Local Government Law
Mineral & Gas Law: Leases & Conveyances
Mining Law, History & Practice
Oil & Gas Law
Business Law Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Jane Moriarty

In addition to completing Contracts I, Contracts II, and Corporations, students wishing to fulfill the Business Law Concentration – Health Care Law Track must complete four (4) additional courses in the upper-level curriculum, as follows:

Required Course(s)
Take two:

Health Care Law
Health Care Organization and Finance
Health Care Regulation
Law & Medical Ethics

Elective Courses
Choose two additional courses from below (or required courses above):

Simulation Courses
Expert Evidence Simulation

Clinics and Externships
Government Externship*
High-credit Externship*
Judicial Externship*
Non-profit Externship*
Summer Intensive General Externship*

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Directed Research*
Expert Evidence Simulation
Law and Neuroscience

Other Courses
Accounting for Lawyers
Administrative Law
Antitrust
Food Law and Policy
Governance, Compliance & Risk Management
Health Care Fraud and Abuse
Income Taxation of Corporations & Shareholders
In-House Counsel of Modern Corporations
Law & Psychology
Legal Medicine and Forensic Science
Public Health Law and Policy
Tax Exempt Organizations

*Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with the faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper
Business Law Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Aman Gebru

In addition to completing Contracts I, Contracts II, and Corporations, students wishing to fulfill the Business Law Concentration – Intellectual Property Law Track must complete four (4) additional courses in the upper-level curriculum, as follows:

Required Courses
Fundamentals of Intellectual Property

Elective Courses
Choose three additional courses from below:

Clinics and Externships
Government Externship*
High-credit Externship*
Judicial Externship*
Non-profit Externship*
Summer Intensive General Externship*

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Directed Research*

Other Courses
Commercial Use of Intellectual Property
Intellectual Property Law in Comparative Context (Study Abroad- China)
Patent Drafting
Patent Law
Patent Litigation
Social Media and the Law
Technology Innovation Law
Trade Secret Law
Trademark & Unfair Competition Law

*Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.

General Practice

General Practice Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Rona Kaufman and Professor Katherine Norton

In addition to completing required first-year courses, Corporations, Evidence, and Professional Responsibility, students wishing to fulfill the General Practice Concentration- Basic Track must complete four additional courses in the upper level curriculum, as follows:

Required Courses
Choose at least two:

Employment Law
Estates and Trusts
Family Law
Trial Advocacy
Trial Advocacy I- Trial Team

Elective Courses
Choose two additional courses from below (or required courses above):

Simulation Courses
Advanced Legal Writing: Law Firm Simulation
Estates and Trusts Skills Simulation
PA Pretrial Civil Litigation Simulation
Pleading & Discovery Simulation
Trial Advocacy
Trial Advocacy I- Trial Team

Clinics and Externships
Government Externship*
High-credit Externship*
Judicial Externship*
Non-profit Externship*

Upper-Level Writing Course
Advanced Legal Writing: Legal Drafting
Appellate Practice and Procedure
Bankruptcy
Directed Research*
PA Pretrial Civil Litigation Simulation

Other Courses
Accounting for Lawyers
Alternative Dispute Resolution
Basic Federal Income Taxation
Business Planning
Contract Drafting Simulation
E-Discovery Simulation
Federal Civil Procedure
Fundamentals of Intellectual Property
Negotiation Skills
Oil and Gas Law
Pennsylvania Civil Procedure
Remedies at Law and in Equity
Research for Law Practice

*Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.
General Practice Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Richard Gaffney

In addition to completing required first-year courses, Corporations, Evidence, and Professional Responsibility, students wishing to fulfill the General Practice Concentration – Estate Planning and Tax Track must complete four additional courses in the upper level curriculum, as follows:

Required Courses
Basic Federal Income Taxation
Estates and Trusts

Elective Courses
Choose two additional courses from below:

Simulation Courses
Estates and Trusts Skills Simulation

Clinics and Externships
High-credit Externship*
Judicial Externship*
Non-profit Externship *
Summer Intensive General Externship*

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Directed Research*

Other Courses
Accounting for Lawyers
Income Taxation of Corporations and Shareholders
Partnership and LLC Taxation

*Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.
General Practice Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Rona Kaufman and Professor Katherine Norton

In addition to completing required first-year courses, Corporations, Evidence, and Professional Responsibility, students wishing to fulfill the General Practice Concentration – Family Law Track must complete four additional courses in the upper level curriculum, as follows:

Required Courses
Family Law

Choose One:
Basic Federal Income Taxation
Children and the Law

Elective Courses
Choose two additional courses from below:

Simulation Courses
Estates and Trusts Skills Simulation
Trial Advocacy

Clinics and Externships
Education Law Clinic
Family Law Clinic
Government Externship*
High-credit Externship*
Judicial Externship*
Non-profit Externship*
Summer Intensive General Externship*

Upper-Level Writing Requirement Courses
Directed Research*

Other Courses
Accounting for Lawyers
Alternative Dispute Resolution
Employee Benefits
Law and Medical Ethics
Negotiation Skills
Social Media Discovery

*Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.
General Practice Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Maryann Herman

In addition to completing required first-year courses, Corporations, Evidence, and Professional Responsibility, students wishing to fulfill the General Practice Concentration – Real Property Track must complete four additional courses in the upper level curriculum, as follows:

Required Courses- at least two of the following
Construction Law
Environmental Considerations in Business and Real Estate Transactions
General Practice Simulation
Land Use Planning
Oil and Gas Law
Real Estate Planning

Elective Courses
Choose two additional courses from below (or required courses above):

Clinics and Externships
Externship*

Upper-Level Writing Requirement Courses
Directed Research*
Journal Article*

Other Courses
Administrative Law (only in conjunction with Land Use Planning)
Basic Federal Income Taxation
Contract Drafting Simulation

*Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.

Government

Government Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Joseph Sabino Mistick

In addition to completing Constitution Law I and II, students wishing to fulfill the Government and Public Interest Concentration – Basic Government Track must complete four additional courses in the upper level curriculum, as follows:

Required Course
Administrative Law

Elective Courses
Choose  three additional courses from below:

Simulation Courses
Pennsylvania Legislative Process Simulation

Clinics and Externships
Civil Rights Clinic*
Criminal Prosecution Program
Federal Litigation Clinic
Government Externship
High-credit Externship*
Judicial Externship
Juvenile Defender Clinic
Non-profit Externship*
Pennsylvania Innocence Project
Public Defender Adult Program
Public Defender Juvenile Program
Summer Intensive General Externship*
Unemployment Compensation Clinic
Urban Development Practicum*
Veterans Clinic

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Advanced Legal Writing: Legal Drafting*
Animal Law
Companion Animal Law and Policy
Directed Research*
Election Law
Environmental Justice Seminar
National Security Litigation
Pennsylvania State Constitutional Law

Other Courses
Children and the Law
Civil Rights Litigation*
Climate Change Law
Corporate Governance in the For-Profit and Non-Profit Spheres
Employment Discrimination
Energy Law
Environmental Enforcement, Litigation and Negotiation Skills
Environmental Law
Federal Courts and the Federal System
Federal Legislative Process: Theory, Politics & Procedure
Food Law and Policy
Gender and the Law
Governance, Compliance & Risk Management
Health Care Law
Health Care Regulation
Immigration Law
International Law
Labor Law
Law and Higher Education
Law, Public Service and the Executive Branch
Local Government Law
Military Law
Pennsylvania Civil Procedure
Practice Before the Minor Judiciary
Public Health Law and Policy
Sanctions, Sentencing and Corrections

*Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.
Government Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Steven Baicker-McKee

In addition to completing Constitution Law I and II, students wishing to fulfill the Government and Public Interest Concentration – Environment and Energy Track must complete four additional courses in the upper level curriculum, as follows:

Required Course
Administrative Law

Elective Courses
Choose three additional courses from below:

Clinics and Externships
Civil Rights Clinic*
Education Law Clinic*
High-credit Externship*
Non-profit Externship*
Summer Intensive General Externship*
Urban Development Practicum*

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Advanced Legal Writing: Legal Drafting*
Directed Research*
Environmental Justice Seminar
Pennsylvania State Constitutional Law

Other Courses
Climate Change Law
Energy Law
Energy Regulation
Environmental Considerations in Business and Real Estate Transactions
Environmental Enforcement, Litigation and Negotiation Skills
Environmental Law
Food Law & Policy
Oil & Gas Law
Oil & Gas Litigation

* Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.
Government Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Jane Moriarty

In addition to completing Constitution Law I and II, students wishing to fulfill the Government and Public Interest Concentration – Health Law Track must complete four additional courses in the upper level curriculum, as follows:

Required Course
Administrative Law

Elective Courses
Choose three additional courses from below:

Clinics and Externships
Civil Rights Clinic*
Education Law Clinic*
High-credit Externship*
Non-profit Externship*
Summer Intensive General Externship*
Unemployment Compensation Clinic
Urban Development Practicum*

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Advanced Legal Writing: Legal Drafting*
Companion Animal Law and Policy
Directed Research*
Environmental Justice Seminar
Pennsylvania State Constitutional Law

Other Courses
Children and the Law
Climate Change Law
Environmental Law
Food Law and Policy
Health Care Law
Health Care Organization & Finance
Health Care Regulation
Law & Medical Ethics
Legal Medicine & Forensic Science
Public Health Law & Policy

*Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.
Government Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Bruce Ledewitz

In addition to completing Constitution Law I and II, students wishing to fulfill the Government and Public Interest Concentration – Mission and Moral Life Track must complete four additional courses in the upper level curriculum, as follows:

Required Course
Choose one:
Canon Law
Catholic Social Thought and the Law
Philosophy of Law

Elective Courses
Choose three additional courses from below (or above):

Clinics and Externships
Civil Rights Clinic*
Criminal Prosecution Program*
Education Law Clinic*
High-credit Externship*
Non-profit Externship*
Pennsylvania Innocence Project*
Public Defender Adult Program*
Public Defender Juvenile Program*
Summer Intensive General Externship*
Unemployment Compensation Clinic
Urban Development Practicum*
Veterans Clinic

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Advanced Legal Writing: Legal Drafting*
Animal Law
Companion Animal Law & Policy
Directed Research*
Election Law
Environmental Justice Seminar
Pennsylvania State Constitutional Law
Philosophy of Law
Wrongful Convictions

Other Courses
Administrative Law  
Alternative Dispute Resolution
Art of Mediation
Capstone Course: Lawyering Skills 
Children and the Law
Civil Rights Litigation *
Climate Change Law
Criminal Procedure: Bail to Jail
Food Law & Policy
Gender & the Law
In-House Counsel and Modern Corporations
Introduction to Jewish Law
Judgment and Decision Making for Lawyers
Law and Medical Ethics
Law and Psychology
Law and Religion
Law, Public Service and the Executive Branch
Public Health Law and Policy
Sanctions, Sentencing and Corrections
Secularism, Religion and the Public Square
Work-Life Law

* Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.
Government Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Jan Levine

In addition to completing Constitution Law I and II, students wishing to fulfill the Government and Public Interest Concentration – Public Service and Community Engagement Track must complete four additional courses in the upper level curriculum, as follows:

Required Course
Administrative Law

Elective Courses
Choose three additional courses from below:

Simulation Courses
Pennsylvania Legislative Process Simulation

Clinics and Externships
Civil Rights Clinic
Family Law Clinic
Federal Litigation Clinic*
Government Externship
High-credit Externship*
Juvenile Defender Clinic
Non-profit Externship*
Pennsylvania Innocence Project
Public Defender Adult Program
Public Defender Juvenile Program
Summer Intensive General Externship*
Urban Development Practicum*
Veterans Clinic

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Advanced Legal Writing: Legal Drafting*
Animal Law
Directed Research*
Election Law
Environmental Justice Seminar
Pennsylvania State Constitutional Law

Other Courses
Children and the Law
Civil Rights Litigation*
Employment Discrimination 
Family Law
Food Law & Policy

* Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.

Litigation

Litigation Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Steven Baicker-McKee and Professor Tara Willke

In addition to completing all required courses, students wishing to fulfill the Litigation Concentration – Civil Litigation Track must complete four (4) additional courses in the upper-level curriculum, as follows:

Required Courses
Remedies at Law and in Equity

Choose one:
Alternative Dispute Resolution
Art of Mediation
Negotiation Skills

Elective Courses
Choose two additional courses from below (or above), including at least one simulation course and at least one clinic or externship:

Simulation Courses
Advanced Legal Writing: Law Firm Simulation
Expert Evidence Simulation
PA Pretrial Civil Litigation Simulation
Pleading & Discovery Simulation
Pretrial Civil Litigation Simulation
Social Media Discovery
Trial Advocacy
Trial Advocacy I- Trial Team

Clinics and Externships
Civil Rights Clinic
Education Law Clinic
Family Law Clinic
Federal Litigation Clinic
Government Externship*
High-credit Externship*
Judicial Externship
Non-profit Externship*
Summer Intensive General Externship*
Unemployment Compensation Clinic

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Advanced Legal Writing: Legal Drafting
Appellate Practice and Procedure
Directed Research*
Expert Evidence Simulation
PA Pretrial Civil Litigation Simulation

Other Courses
Accounting for Lawyers
Administrative Law
Appellate Moot Court I (classroom)
Appellate Moot Court (competition)
Capstone Course: Lawyering Skills
Civil Rights Litigation
Complex Litigation, Class Actions, & the Adversary System
Conflict of Laws 
Deposition Skills
E-Discovery Simulation
Employment Discrimination 
Fact Investigation
Family Law
Federal Courts and the Federal System
Fundamentals of Intellectual Property
Judgment and Decision Making for Lawyers
Litigation Technology
Medical Malpractice Litigation Skills
Patent Litigation
Pennsylvania Civil Procedure
Representation of Veterans in the Benefit Claims Process
Research for Law Practice
Trade Secret Law
Trial Team (competition)

*Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.
Litigation Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Wesley Oliver

In addition to completing all required courses, students wishing to fulfill the Litigation Concentration – Criminal Litigation Track must complete four (4) additional courses in the upper-level curriculum, as follows:

Required Course
One of the following:

Alternative Dispute Resolution
Criminal Procedure: Bail to Jail
Expert Evidence Simulation
Negotiation Skills

Elective Courses
Choose three additional courses from below (or above), including at least one simulation course and at least one clinic or externship:

Simulation Courses
Expert Evidence Simulation
Federal Criminal Law Simulation
Trial Advocacy
Trial Advocacy I- Trial Team

Clinics and Externships
Criminal Prosecution Program
Federal Litigation Clinic
High-credit Externship*
Judicial Externship*
Juvenile Defender Clinic
Pennsylvania Innocence Project
Public Defender Adult Program
Public Defender Juvenile Program
Summer Intensive General Externship*
Veterans Clinic

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Advanced Legal Writing: Legal Drafting
Appellate Practice and Procedure
Directed Research*
Expert Evidence Simulation
Wrongful Convictions

Other Courses
Accounting for Lawyers
Adjudication: The Judicial Process
Advanced Constitutional Law: Current Issues
Appellate Moot Court I (classroom)
Appellate Moot Court (competition)
Civil Rights Litigation
Federal Courts and the Federal System
International Criminal Law
Judgment and Decision Making for Lawyers
Law, Public Service and the Executive Branch
Legal Medicine and Forensic Science
Litigation Technology
Military Law
Research for Law Practice
Sanctions, Sentencing and Corrections
Trial Team (competition)

*Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.

Litigation

Litigation Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Steven Baicker-McKee and Professor Tara Willke

In addition to completing all required courses, students wishing to fulfill the Litigation Concentration – Civil Litigation Track must complete four (4) additional courses in the upper-level curriculum, as follows:

Required Courses
Remedies at Law and in Equity

Choose one:
Alternative Dispute Resolution
Art of Mediation
Negotiation Skills

Elective Courses
Choose two additional courses from below (or above), including at least one simulation course and at least one clinic or externship:

Simulation Courses
Advanced Legal Writing: Law Firm Simulation
Expert Evidence Simulation
PA Pretrial Civil Litigation Simulation
Pleading & Discovery Simulation
Pretrial Civil Litigation Simulation
Social Media Discovery
Trial Advocacy
Trial Advocacy I- Trial Team

Clinics and Externships
Civil Rights Clinic
Education Law Clinic
Family Law Clinic
Federal Litigation Clinic
Government Externship*
High-credit Externship*
Judicial Externship
Non-profit Externship*
Summer Intensive General Externship*
Unemployment Compensation Clinic

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Advanced Legal Writing: Legal Drafting
Appellate Practice and Procedure
Directed Research*
Expert Evidence Simulation
PA Pretrial Civil Litigation Simulation

Other Courses
Accounting for Lawyers
Administrative Law
Appellate Moot Court I (classroom)
Appellate Moot Court (competition)
Capstone Course: Lawyering Skills
Civil Rights Litigation
Complex Litigation, Class Actions, & the Adversary System
Conflict of Laws 
Deposition Skills
E-Discovery Simulation
Employment Discrimination 
Fact Investigation
Family Law
Federal Courts and the Federal System
Fundamentals of Intellectual Property
Judgment and Decision Making for Lawyers
Litigation Technology
Medical Malpractice Litigation Skills
Patent Litigation
Pennsylvania Civil Procedure
Representation of Veterans in the Benefit Claims Process
Research for Law Practice
Trade Secret Law
Trial Team (competition)

*Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.
Litigation Concentration
Concentration Advisor: Professor Wesley Oliver

In addition to completing all required courses, students wishing to fulfill the Litigation Concentration – Criminal Litigation Track must complete four (4) additional courses in the upper-level curriculum, as follows:

Required Course
One of the following:

Alternative Dispute Resolution
Criminal Procedure: Bail to Jail
Expert Evidence Simulation
Negotiation Skills

Elective Courses
Choose three additional courses from below (or above), including at least one simulation course and at least one clinic or externship:

Simulation Courses
Expert Evidence Simulation
Federal Criminal Law Simulation
Trial Advocacy
Trial Advocacy I- Trial Team

Clinics and Externships
Criminal Prosecution Program
Federal Litigation Clinic
High-credit Externship*
Judicial Externship*
Juvenile Defender Clinic
Pennsylvania Innocence Project
Public Defender Adult Program
Public Defender Juvenile Program
Summer Intensive General Externship*
Veterans Clinic

Upper-Level Writing Courses
Advanced Legal Writing: Legal Drafting
Appellate Practice and Procedure
Directed Research*
Expert Evidence Simulation
Wrongful Convictions

Other Courses
Accounting for Lawyers
Adjudication: The Judicial Process
Advanced Constitutional Law: Current Issues
Appellate Moot Court I (classroom)
Appellate Moot Court (competition)
Civil Rights Litigation
Federal Courts and the Federal System
International Criminal Law
Judgment and Decision Making for Lawyers
Law, Public Service and the Executive Branch
Legal Medicine and Forensic Science
Litigation Technology
Military Law
Research for Law Practice
Sanctions, Sentencing and Corrections
Trial Team (competition)

*Requires approval of Concentration Advisor after consultation with faculty member supervising the clinic/externship/paper.