Students ordinarily are permitted to repeat courses in which D and F grades were received.  All grades are retained on the permanent academic record. The result of the final attempt in a repeated course is, however, the student’s status in the course with regard to attempted credits, earned credits, and the completion of requirements.  Course withdrawals ("W" grade) and incompletes ("I" grade) do not count as final attempts.

Retrogradation, a corollary of the repeat credit rule under which a student may earn credit once only for a course, prescribes that a student may not move backward from an advanced course to a lower level course and receive credit for both. Any doubtful situation must be decided by the Department Chairperson or Dean involved.