The Bar-Track Curriculum provides foreign-trained lawyers with the foundations for
practicing law in the United States. LL.M. students in this program gain grounding
in the basic principles of American law in a curriculum of 25 credits .
The Bar-Track Curriculum offers externship work opportunities and mentor relationships.
Bar Exam Eligibility
There are several states that allow foreign-trained lawyers who complete an LL.M.
degree to sit for the bar examination. At present, most common LL.M. students who
wish to sit for a US state bar sit for the New York bar examination. Please review
NY Bar Examiner page for foreign lawyers to learn more. Thus, during the application process, students
interested in the Bar-Track Curriculum should determine the requirements for any jurisdiction
in which they intend to seek admission by contacting the jurisdiction. Contact information
for all relevant agencies are available through the National Conference of Bar Examiners.
In certain limited circumstances, foreign lawyers who have practiced for five of the
last eight years, and who meet other requirements, may seek to sit for the Pennsylvania
bar examination. Rule 205 of the PA Board of Law Examiners
We can advise you on which LL.M. courses would be best suited to prepare for one of
The Bar Track Curriculum requires that students take and pass the following core courses
in the semester listed in the chart below:
- Legal Reserch, Writing, & Analysis I
- Introduction to the American Legal System
- Professional Responsibility
- Core Competencies for Legal Practice I
- Constitutional Law I
- Property I
- Contracts I
- Legal Reserch, Writing, & Analysis II
- Core Competencies for Legal Practice II
- Constitutional Law II
- Property II
- Contracts II
In addition to the core courses, candidates may take up to two electives in courses
offered by the School of Law, with specific exceptions.
It is strongly recommended that students on the Bar Track take electives in subjects
that are tested on the bar examination, including Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure,
Civil Procedure, Sales and Corporations.
For interested LL.M. students, the School of Law offers Directed Research in the form
of a paper or a thesis.
Examinations of LL.M. candidates on the Bar Track will be the same exams, and will
be subject to the same standards and grading scale as J.D. candidates. There is no
extra exam time.
Please note that Duquesne Kline School of Law strictly adheres to a policy of non-discrimination
and will make reasonable accommodations for students as required by law.
Successful candidates will be awarded the Master of Laws degree. Based on academic
performance, Bar-Track curriculum students may earn a degree with honors.